The Writing Process
Writing is a process that involves at least four distinct steps: prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing. It is known as a recursive process. While you are revising, you might have to return to the prewriting step to develop and expand your ideas.
1. Prewriting is anything you do before you write a draft of your document. It includes thinking, taking notes, talking to others, brainstorming, outlining, and gathering information (e.g., interviewing people, researching in the library, assessing data).
2. Although prewriting is the first activity you engage in, generating ideas is an activity that occurs throughout the writing process.
1. Drafting occurs when you put your ideas into sentences and paragraphs. Here you concentrate upon explaining and supporting your ideas fully. Here you also begin to connect your ideas. Regardless of how much thinking and planning you do, the process of putting your ideas in words changes them; often the very words you select evoke additional ideas or implications.
2. Don’t pay attention to such things as spelling at this stage.
3. This draft tends to be writer-centered: it is you telling yourself what you know and think about the topic.
1. Revision is the key to effective documents. Here you think more deeply about your readers’ needs and expectations. The document becomes reader-centered. How much support will each idea need to convince your readers? Which terms should be defined for these particular readers? Is your organization effective? Do readers need to know X before they can understand Y?
2. At this stage you also refine your prose, making each sentence as concise and accurate as possible. Make connections between ideas explicit and clear.
1. Check for such things as grammar, mechanics, and spelling. The last thing you should do before printing your document is to spell check it.
2. Don’t edit your writing until the other steps in the writing process are complete.
Quotes are often an underutilized writing opportunity. Adding quotes, and I don’t mean just a few
spackle on random pages throughout your writing, can be very beneficial to
writers in a number of ways. quotes can also help you convey your meeting, grab
readers attention, and communicate your message better. So, here are just a few
thoughts on how quotes can help you achieve your writing goals.
Using quotes can help with your use of Tactful repetition
An on topic quote can give you another communication point about the subject that you are discussing, thereby, providing another mental reference to reinforce your subject.
If done with care, you can also get more than one use out of a quote. You can use a quote in the sentence of your paragraph, but this also doesn’t preclude you from isolating it and using other tactics listed below to present it more than once, to make it stand out, and to make it visually impactful.
Also, when quotes are properly placed and made distinct enough, garner the attention of readers who are using skimming and skinny techniques to acquaint themselves or to refresh themselves with the information that they are reading.
Use of quotes can add Volume to your writing
Quotes or an easy way to add value and to expand the volume of your writing. This this is especially true when writing about nonfiction topics.
Sometimes when writing you have a target word count that you’re trying to achieve or document length. If you’ve done your research ahead of time and collect your quotes , then you should be able to add a few short, on topic, non-distracting quotes, which will increase the total word count of your document and the total page count of your document.
If you’re flexible in your approached including quotes in your writing, then you will have several opportunities to make your quotes stand out and to better convey your message.
Isolating your Quotes within your document can make it easier to distinguish and add emphasis to the quote but it also adds whitespace before and after the quote and citation. Depending on how you formatted your quote and citation, you may also add one line or two between the actual quote and the citation.
Isolation of your quote not only adds white space, it makes your quote more visually impactful. If a quote is by itself, rather than buried in a paragraph, the reader will notice the quote and read the quote without the distraction of surrounding words.
In addition to isolation or rather than isolation, you can bold and or italicize your quotes, so, that they are more visually prominent within the text of your paragraph.
Highlighting or background Shading
Highlighting the quote or shading background surrounding the quote can both be visually effective methods to make the quote stand out, be more recognizable, and potentially cause the reader to pay more attention to the quote and read the quote.
Including the quote in a picture or a graphic
Using a graphic or a picture with your quote included in it is another way to make a quote graphically stand out within your document and to be eye-catching. The trick here is that the graphic or picture must be directly related to the quote, your topic, and it must not be too big and distracting in nature. you need the picture or graphic to appeal to the reader, to catch the reader’s attention, and to focus and reinforce the reads thinking.
Quotes Assist in communicating expertise and background knowledge
Using quotes when pertinent to the topic you are writing about and from a variety of sources, can demonstrate that you have thought about and researched the subject about which your writing. This particularly true, when the quote come from all of variety of authoritative sources which have been properly cited and not just from a web search.
I’m sure there are more ways in which quotes can be put to
use full effect in writing, but this primer should be a helpful start.
I have been using speech recognition applications, sometimes
called dictation, for several years now and have learned to appreciate it.
However, there are deftly some things that will make it work better for you
regardless of the dictation software you use. I most frequently used Dragon
NaturallySpeaking, but I have used other speech recognition software in a pinch,
including the Windows 10 speech recognition software.
I’ve even written other blogs on the value of speech
recognition applications, but I thought it might be time to provide a couple of
quick simple tips to help train and improve the value of your speech
Use A Powerful Computer With Plenty Of Memory
I have written an entire blog post on why it is good to have a powerful computer, but I will mention it here in general terms. Having a computer with fast multiple central processing units (CPUs) and high levels of memory will, in general, improve the speed of the speech recognition software and therefore be less distracting and less likely to make you hesitate when speaking to allow the software to catch up.
Get A High-Quality Headset With Microphone
Having a high-quality headset with microphone is the first
place to start it works far better than using the microphone on your laptop or
the cheap headphone that may have come with the software if you purchased it.
A good headset has several advantages, among them, are the fact that this microphone is closer to your mouth and therefore can more easily hear your voice without interference. Also, the improved quality of microphone reception will help to improve the accuracy of the voice recognition application you’re using.
Now, this topic may seem a little silly, but the way we speak will affect the overall performance and quality of the speech recognition software. Therefore, we must train ourselves to use speech recognition applications correctly and efficiently. This will require us to learn a few commands, at least, the ones we most commonly use.
when we first start using’s speech recognition applications we tend to want to speak in short bursts and watch to ensure that the application is interpreting correctly and keeping up. However, this practice not only is unnecessary, but it disrupts your writing flow as well. Speech recognition software has been engineered to learn from us and to interpret under normal speaking conditions, so, we must have a conversational pace to our speaking in order to get the best out of speech recognition applications. This means not speaking slowly, or into jilted of a manner, or to rapidly. We just need to speak with a steady natural rhythm and with clear normal enunciation.
Don’t Forget About Punctuation
this is more of an efficiency factor in a bit of an
exception to the speaking normally rule, but it does follow the train yourself
rule. As you speak train yourself to say the punctuation words where they would
be appropriate in the text. Commands like parentheses, period, and question mark,
make the results more readable and facilitate editing. And the facilitation
during editing applies whether you added visually or using applications such as
Grammarly. Ultimately, speaking punctuation as you go will save time, even if
it takes a little effort to develop the habit.
Use Verbal Correction Commands
now I willingly admit that this is a practice that I frequently violate. However, if you learn and use the “correction” commands for the speech recognition software you’re using, assuming it has one, will help the application learn and, in some applications, they will even make suggestions for correction. Using the voice commands to make corrections will help the software learn more efficiently and shorten the learning curve to improved accuracy and efficiency. This is particularly true if you use vocabulary that is unique to a particular topic on a regular basis.
Well, I hope you find these basic tips useful, and if I had to add one more quick tip it would be used to software frequently. The more you use your speech to recognition software the more practice it has and the greater the opportunity for it to learn your speech patterns and common vocabulary usage.
When discussing various writing genres, it is common for people – both writers and readers – to lump science fiction and fantasy together under the catchall term “speculative fiction.” On a general level, this comparison between these two genres is accurate. However, these two very close kins are inherently different on many levels. Let us look at the difference between science fiction and fantasy creations.
Science Fiction Vs. Fantasy: Identifying Major Literary Differences
1. Possibility Vs. Impossibility
Science fiction, also commonly known as Sci-fi, is a fiction literature genre whose storyline and elements are imaginary but are based on science and scientific facts. Sci-fi novels and novellas follow a logical and plausible theme and prose that has scientific backing.
Follow a logical and plausible theme means that the occurrences and events presented in sci-fi literature are possible to occur. Science fiction needs to be set in the future where technologies used may not be available but are still not beyond the realm of scientific theory. It is essential that sci-fi creations make sense within the natural laws of the universe so that the readers can connect the now and the future.
On the other hand, fantasy as a genre deals with mythical, magical, or supernatural occurrences that have no scientific backing or explanation and cannot possibly occur in our real world. Fantasy stories told in an imagined world, often entirely different from our own, which involves a mystical base.
For example, a sci-fi creation may present a space ship that travels faster than light. The writer would hope that in tomorrow’s world, such technologies can be possible owing to advancement in science and technology. On the contrary, fantasy creations might present human characters with abilities to fly or are bulletproof, something that does not and is likely not to exist in our reality.
Science fiction deals with scientific concepts while fantasy creations are merely written on the foundation of imaginative ideas.
3. Heroes And Heroines
Fantasy and sci-fi creations have different types of heroes and heroines. With fantasy creations, the heroes are usually mythical creatures or humans with supernatural powers.
The use of mythical creatures or supernatural humans is however different with Sci-fi creations which present real human heroes with unique talents and skill sets that make them formidable risk takers, valuable leaders or effective problem solvers which help them succeed in the end.
4. The Setting
Often, science fiction works are almost always in the future. A sci-fi story would extrapolate our world across time and explore what would happen in the advent of new futuristic technologies. Pundits maintain that today’s disruptive technologies such as artificial intelligence, robotics, and virtual realities were envisioned and inspired by yesterday’s sci-fi works.
On the other hand, fantasy literature setting is almost always in a world so different from ours, and often in the past. This past could be ancient or medieval, and often involving magic. Fantasy works present an alternate world with mythical occurrences that would only be possible through imagination.
Understanding these science fiction vs. fantasy differences will help you create or choose a clarified genre that satisfies your readers. Often, readers look for specific literary identifying marks in a fantasy or sci-fi novel.
Being aware of the difference between science fiction and fantasy can help you blend and shade these two genres to create literary works that can move readers seamlessly between the possibilities and the impossibilities.
In blogging, images play a crucial role in your success. No matter the subject you are writing about, believe me, or not pictures are not easy to ignore if you are looking forward to succeeding.
Thus, in this article, we have comprehensively covered why
blog pictures are important towards achieving success in the blogging field.
Below is why blog pictures are essential in a blog post:
Having a picture and the right picture makes your content to
create a positive impression.
If your post is visually dull and has no emotions, most
visitors will run away from your site even before reading anything thus
creating a lousy impression.
However, if your posts are visually attractive, the chances
of creating emotional connections with readers are high thus luring them to
In some cases, images are the main focus of your post. Make
sure the pictures you have used are beautiful and relevant to the content of
the post to make them attract the reader and convey the message you intended to
Search Engines Traffic
When you use appropriate images in your blog post, be
assured to get better results in search engines.
There are some things you should consider when adding images
to increase the traffic from the search engines. Adding tags, descriptions, and
titles is vital in boosting performance in search engines.
Use of relevant keywords in a good way, help to make your
post easily seen. Compressing and resizing your images helps in optimizing them
to load faster and rank well in search engines.
Social Media Exposure
Many social media users will pay a little to no attention
when bypassing their timelines and come across posts lacking images.
Use of emotional and creative pictures will make your post
easily seen in a timeline that has been overcrowded.
Posts accompanied with pictures get higher engagement which
is contrary to posts without images.
If your post has images, you will get more likes than that
lacks. With a picture, some users will like the post even without reading it.
When users are interested in the image you have used, there
are higher chances of clicking on your post and open it.
If social media has no pictures, it would be a dull and
unimpressive place. Use relevant photos to ensure your posts are standing out.
Article Length Increment
There are posts which require few words to pass the intended
message, i.e., “Top 10 best web designs trends in 2019”.
In this case, you’ll to have ten images, ten subtitles, as
well as ten short descriptions and you, ’re done with the post.
Thus, relevant and well-chosen images are perfect in
creating a lengthy blog post using very few words.
Makes Understanding Complex Information Easier
In some posts, for example with more technical data like how
a specific technology works, may be hard to be understood by those with little
to no knowledge on that field. Thus, the use of screenshots can be a good way
So, it’s good to provide images to make the information
easily understood. These images are crucial and educate the readers about
whatever you are writing and illustrating.
The use of screenshots, educational images like tables,
graphics as well as wireframes will give more precise meaning to the
information making it easy to be understood and relevant to the reader.
Supporting Your Point
Whenever a reader reads, a blog post gets a kind of a
certain feeling. Depending on the posts, some will encourage, guide among
With the help of images, you can achieve this comfortably.
Let us say your post regards losing weight and the content is about healthy
eating, using a picture of a slim and fit woman will motivate the reader.
Relevant images will support your statement, and your post will be useful to many.
People are visual
If for no other reason because people of all ages are visual and simply enjoy pictures and graphics. Vision, hearing, taste, smell, and touch are the five traditionally recognized senses and sight (or vision) is almost always listed first among them for a reason. A person need look no further than Comic books and children’s books to understand this. Also, a reader can derive meaning from context and content of a picture or graphic, people will tend to remember it faster, better, and longer.
Images play a crucial role in blogging. The just discussed
why blog pictures are important reasons are a tip of an iceberg. They are many
However, when you use images in your blog post, you will get all the benefits discussed above, and you will have a breakthrough in the blogging industry.
There’s nothing more frustrating
than scrolling through 100 pages of a book looking for something specific when
there is no table of contents (TOC). While most authors treat it as an
afterthought, it’s an important part of the package. A table of content
displays the big ideas in a non-fictional book and where to find them. If
you’re writing a book about `The Devil in the City’, you want the reader to
have a quick reference guide of the contents. Obviously, this is a strong
selling point so failing to include a table of contents (TOC) will make your
book less marketable. Let me walk you through the importance of a table of
Makes navigation a breeze
Readers need a reference point to
locate all the important information. A TOC contains numbers which come in
handy when viewing the soft copy of the word document. If your idea has no
direction, your message may take a meandering path. It’s worth mentioning that
a book without a clearly defined table of contents (TOC) can make the readers
get lost along the way.
A detailed TOC is the perfect way
of taking the reader where he or she wants to travel. He can focus on the most
essential information and skip the most irrelevant. If you have a challenge
with the structure, that problem needs to be solved before you work on your table
of contents (TOC). Read on and learn more.
The Table of Contents Informs the reader And Tells what the book is about
Without a strong table of contents
(TOC), the reader will have a rough time following your story. It’s imperative
that you ensure the table of contents (TOC) supports the idea fully and
benefits the readers. Not only that, the chapters should be worded in a way
that makes the reader feel as if they are in the book itself. A non-fictional
book needs a sound structure, so you want a table of contents (TOC) that
supports the manuscript. Even better, the straight lines on the table direct
the reader’s eyes. He can quickly grasp the idea rather than hunting through
Gives the reader the scope and completeness of the book
A table of contents (TOC) is
found on the page before the start of the book. It gives a brief description of
the chapters and the page number. If it’s misaligned or misplaced, the entire
content won’t function optimally. Note: the list chapters are the backbone of
the book’s outline.
Without a clear table of contents
(TOC), the reader will put down the non-fictional book – if they pick it up at
all. Needless to say, they will give a bad review. It’s important that you
create a structure that fleshes out and is unique in its category. If your book
is in eBook format, the reader will prefer to have a table of contents (TOC) tied
to a chapter.
Allows the reader to repeat the major parts of the book
If you’re downloading eBook on
your mobile device, it becomes quite easy to look for what you want – you can
read summaries and jump through chapters. More interestingly, you’re redirected
to the table of contents (TOC) by tapping the same icon. While all the
information on the book may be useful, some parts may be more eye-catching. At
some point, a book to be finished because everything cannot be included in the
book. When writing the table of content, be sure to nail down the real essence
of the book.
Indicates the author’s style
If the table of content is smart
and witty, the reader will know the manuscript features creative writing. To
ensure you bring a wow factor to your audience, you should add a little
originality. More clearly, a nonfictional book requires the writer to think
about the reader.
The TOC will allow the reader to
skim and understand the message the writer wants to put across. If it resembles
a certain style, chances are that the rest of the book features the same
writing. Therefore, before you sit down and write imagine it exists on Amazon
or in a nearby bookstore.
Let’s be honest: there is more to a non-fictional book than a catchy cover. The table of contents shows the reader what lies within the book. The table of contents can make the difference between an average and a great book. Without preparation, you’ll not get the results you want. Unlike a glossary or an index, writing a table of content is a piece of cake. It’s all about compiling a list of the parts – sections, chapters, and sub-chapters. Remember, young readers, are always drawn to books that give information about something they’ve always wondered about.
As an aspiring writer in the science fiction genre, you are presented with limitless possibilities. However, while there are so many themes that you could write on, there are some popular themes have repeatedly proven to be the most successful. Given that there are potentially hundreds of themes to choose from, I have compiled ten of the most popular science fiction themes found in modern science fiction.
End of Humanity
Sometimes referred to as post-apocalyptic or apocalyptic fiction, this genre is set in a world in which the technological civilization of the Planet Earth is collapsing either due to manmade or natural phenomenon such as depletion of resources or a nuclear holocaust, fictional happenings such as an alien invasion or zombie apocalypse, or an eschatological happening such as the Second Coming.
The desire to achieve immortality is a popular theme in science fiction. The major themes typically involve aspects of mind uploading where one uploads their consciousness into a computer or digital equivalent; Digital immortality where the person’s personality is uploaded on digital media including their thoughts and memories, which continue to live in perpetuity; and cryonics where a dead person is preserved until human technology develops to the point of bringing them back to life.
Alien invasion is one of the oldest themes that has been a favorite of science fiction fans. Alien invasion typically involves the visit of extraterrestrials to Earth usually in the form of an invasion that is intended to supplant or exterminate human life. This could take the form of stealing of resources, enslavement of the human population, or in some instances the destruction of the planet.
One of the most popular sub-genres particularly in literary science fiction. A parallel universe refers to a different world where an alternate reality that may or may not be a variant of the Earth exists. Such universes may have some differences from our current reality such as having different laws of physics or biology. The parallel universe is thus a crossroads between the planet Earth and a fantasy world.
This theme refers to several subgenres that may include genetic engineering, cloning, and biohacking. Genetic engineering themes tend to involve the creation of a super race of humans through technologies such as brain-computer interfacing, nanotechnology, and eugenics. From the opposing direction, is biohacking, in which individual person transform their bodies by introducing chemicals or cybernetic devices. Prosthetics or the use of robotics for enhanced bodily function also falls in this category
While closely related to bodily transformation this is a different subgenre of science fiction. The acquisition of superpowers typically encompasses aspects of teleportation, psychic phenomena, and enhanced mental function. Teleportation is the ability to transport persons or objects from one location to another without necessarily making use of the physical space between them. Psychic phenomena may include persons who have telekinetic, telepathic, precognitive and clairvoyant abilities. An enhanced mental function may include mind uploading, higher memory, mind-swap, and mind control abilities.
Time travel is one of the original and most popular themes popularized by novels such as “The Time Machine” by HG Wells. As a science fiction theme, it involves the movement of persons or objects between two points in space that typically has one going back to an earlier era or going forward to a future era. For instance, one could travel back in time to the Roman first century AD or go forward in time to the technologically driven world of 2100.
Military conflict is a common trope in many modern science fiction movies and literature. This will typically involve interstellar travel and combat in space between armies of antagonists from different planets or galaxies. These types of conflicts normally make use of exotic and strange weapons though some weapons used in science fiction have found use in conventional militaries.
Ever since science fiction franchise “Star Trek” became a mass phenomenon and gained acceptance even out of the science fiction community, the theme of Galactic Empires in science fiction has grown in leaps and bounds. The writing of this theme is modeled along the lines of the decline or rise of an empire that has significant technological advancement as compared to human civilizations or other civilizations in its vicinity. Given the differences in technology, social and economic advancement, there is tension between empires which usually results in conflict.
As an aspiring writer, you could write in any of the science fiction overarching themes we have discussed and been relatively successful. Nonetheless, you can always dig deeper into the subgenres of science fiction and still find success as long as you can write something that captures the imagination of the reader. This is by no means a complete listing of all the overarching themes, but rather an exposition of the most popular ones that I have found to have a higher probability of success with audiences.
A lot of people think that being a writer is such a super easy profession. All you need is a few skills, a good amount of talent and creativity topped up with some inspiration. Easy, right? No, not that easy. You can have all these factors and more but still, fail at attaining success as a writer.
Why? Because without proper organizational and time management you may never be able to meet your goals and complete your book. What you and every writer need is a consistent daily writing schedule. And as you try and think if it is for you or not, here are 5 guaranteed benefits of having a consistent daily writing routine.
1. Productivity Habits
A consistent daily writing schedule means that every day you will be doing some writing. It can be as little as 1 page or as much as 10 pages. But the bottom line is you will be writing, and as you repetitively do this, it will develop into a habit. Writing will become second to nature for you. Meaning writing will become much easier for you and you will do it efficiently. That is the power of habit.
2. No more procrastination.
A proper daily writing routine needs you to set targets and goals for your writing assignments. Therefore, following your routine means, you will do what you are supposed to do, when you should be doing it. You don’t have the option of not doing what is in your schedule for that day. And once it becomes a habit, you can say bye-bye to procrastination.
3. Inspiration every day.
A lot of writers depend on the writing mood or a burst of inspiration to write. If you keep working with such a mentality, success as a writer will be only a dream. Working with a consistent daily writing routine trains your mind to understand that when it is time to work, inspiration is a requirement. And you will find yourself always finding the inspiration to write every single day. This is another power of habit.
Writing ca easily turn your life upside down. You may find yourself sometimes locking yourself up to write and completely forgetting about every other aspect of your life. And that is why a consistent daily schedule is important.
Planning ahead of time improves your time management abilities. Having a routine also means that other people get to know when you are free from work and when you’re what. Therefore, they will learn to respect your work time and make plans with you during your free time. A schedule enables you to plan for and fit all other aspects of your life around your writing. It is okay for writing to be your passion but don’t let it make you forget to live.
5. Much more freedom.
You will not believe how much free time you can have in your life as a writer. And that is inclusive of you meeting your goals and succeeding in your writing assignments. The key is proper planning especially by having a consistent daily writing routine. With a daily writing schedule, you plan your work time, set your goals and easily achieve them.
No more guilt when you go for days without writing because that won’t happen or if it does it was already planned for. No more panic attacks or fears that you won’t meet your deadlines. No more overworking yourself and missing out on everything around you. Having a consistent daily writing schedule will enable to develop productivity habits that will propel your success as a writer.
Many new writers come in the field with the mindset of “writing when inspiration strikes” or “writing what you understand.” Such myths deceive writers into thinking writing is not a job. Well, to build a career as a writer, you need to learn how to write like it is your job. A good starting point is doing away with away such myths.
On the other hand, what about others more experienced in writing? What fallacies and myths of the literary lifestyle can prevent you from writing like it is a job? Writing is not just a Job, it is also a business, and should such have a strategy and business plan to ensure career and personal success. It is vital for writing professionals to know the distinction of how essential a “job” is and the writing market to successfully write to it. Learning how to write any job successfully requires some level of seriousness same as you would if you worked for a company. Since it is your career and your life the only one who can design and control your career path is you. Below are tips to help you get your act straight and not miss deadlines.
Set a regular schedule
Have a designated workspace
Blocking productivity disruptions
Focus on one writing task at a time
Use the writing pyramid to keep your focus
Build a subject area of expertise
Build a reference library
Build customized job aids and checklists
Leverage Productivity Tools
Set A Regular Work Schedule
Writing is a good venture, and it requires the “more seriousness” treatment associated with 9-5 jobs and who just gets to work 8 hours a day, every day. Creating a regular schedule would help you avoid slogging through tasks as you progress with your writing life. If you have committed to a deadline, then you are accountable to any client as any businessman would. As writers, we need the mindset of a business person in keeping a consistent schedule and dedication accomplishing a sufficient volume and quality of work each day. Writing is a service-oriented venture whether writing a novel, short story or a freelance article, and you are 100% in control.
Have A Designated Workspace
Like all other entrepreneurial professionals, you too can benefit from that flexibility. Being creative while writing can be an enjoyable as well as daunting. A Key success factor for writers is having a Designated Workspace, not that you need to live it, but you need a place to be organized, focused, and from which to take a mental take, if need be. We all have our individual preference and as such need a workspace that meets out taste and keeps the mind active. Although we all have some sick days, having a Designated Workspace created to meet your writing needs will significantly facilitate your writing “job.” Your Designated Workspace should have fun in it, to recharge your batteries….All work and no play makes….
Blocking Productivity Disruptions
Blocking disruptions can be a challenge, there is nothing worse than having your work interrupted, when you’re inspired, to go pull something off the shelf or help someone with something just because your physically available. It’s important that everyone understand when your focus work hours exist, another reason to keep a consistent schedule, and that you are in fact working even though you may not be sitting in a company office. Sometimes with family members, this can be difficult and may take some creativity when planning your scheduling and to let people know when you should not be disrupted. It can be as simple as a sign on the door or it may take a little training. It may also mean that your home office location, a suit you’re working from home might need to be slightly geographically isolated. For example, if you have a property in a shed using shed detached from the house is a home office might be a good idea.
Blocking disruptions also mean taking care of your own behaviors. Things like watching television, loud music, or too many trips to the pantry can be just as disruptive as other people unexpectedly asking you for help.
The main point is when you’re working, you are working, so, you and others need to respect your office hours whether you’re physically in the office, setting up a local Starbucks, or sitting at the patio table.
Focus on One Writing Task At A Time
Multi-tasking is a productivity myth, especially, where creative thinking is required. Writing is both an art and business. Indeed, some writers prefer to be freelance writers, while others elect to suffer for their art. But it is best to proactively schedule and concentrate on one job at a time, altering your mindset and research to suit the work, and assuming to the appropriate writing style and tone. Also, if you have done the appropriate research in preparation when you sit down to do the actual writing, your work will flow better because you’re prepared both from a research and gathered references perspective, and from a mental state of mind. With a little practice and some honing of your skills, you may find that your writing speed increases, not to mention the quality of your writing will improve.
Use the Writing Pyramid to Keep Your Focus
This part is correct and ultimately makes sense; especially, if you want to become an excellent writer. Using the writing pyramid, provide structure and organization to help you write efficiently and effectively. Leveraging the writing pyramid will expedite the writing process and helps to keep you from meandering or becoming lost in your writing. Additionally, using the writing pyramid is that excellent job aid for fleshing out your outline quickly and efficiently. In time, the writing pyramid approach will become second nature and the practice of getting your main points down early in your writing and expanding upon them can be done with little or no focus thought.
Build A Subject Area of Expertise
Writing comes easily to any truly gifted writer. For some, it may take years to discover and build a subject area of expertise. While most writers at some point in their careers will need to write outside their area of expertise, building an area of expertise is essential. There are number reasons that having an area of expertise is important among them are:
your articles will be more accurate and sound more confident as you know what you’re talking about
your writing will be more efficient and require less research in areas where you already have knowledge
with some care and planning, you will assemble a set of authoritative references and how to organize them for the way you write.
Build A Reference Library
Building a reference library whether physical books and references or electronic ones is essential for any writer. No one can know anything unless you can afford to run out the library every time you need to do some research accumulating and authoritative set of references is a serious productivity enhancer.
While it’s important to keep your references up-to-date, and this will depend an awful lot on your area of expertise, having some older references can also be useful. Some of my most interesting references and my most useful are over 100 years old. I find it some of the older references provide some perspective and insight that many modern writings do not contain.
Keeping your references organized in a way that makes sense to you is also very important. If you want to be frustrated just, try to find something that you know you own but can’t find. Personally, I find that frustration of hunting for resources completely distracting and causes me to lose my focus. For this reason, I gather my references in advance and I put them in the project carts. Sometimes this is because of having done some research and gathered in my materials together as I did so, and other times it simply a matter of going to the section of my library about a subject.
However, a word of caution, do not gather so much that it just becomes clutter on the shelves or that you find when you move or travel the cost of having all those references causes you to have to dispose of the books in some manner. When traveling, having e-book versions of your references can be very helpful, but most times I prefer the real paper copy.
Additionally, I love the public library and I find it perfectly useful for doing research, gathering references, and borrowing them the library for a short period. If you happen to be traveling and have some free time, often, it pays to visit the public library in the local city or town. You can find treasures and those of the libraries might not be available in your local libraries. Also, public libraries are generally an excellent quiet place to work
Build Customized Job Aids and Checklists
Job aids help you to work faster, more consistently, and more accurately. Job aids can come in several forms and here are just a few:
templates can be used in a lot of places depending on what your writing pattern is. It can be as simple as a template title page or that blog pattern you used consistently.
checklists can be created to help with a few purposes. For example, quality items unique to you, such as commonly misused words, common spelling issues, or standard formatting checks and other quality items.
How To Instructions
how to instructions can be helpful to make sure that you’ve accurately completed all the steps in a process or to ensure that you’ve completed all the steps in the correct order. But keep them simple and bare-bones
Leverage Productivity Tools
productivity tools abound in our modern workplace suited a significant number of them are free or low cost, but you choose the few that work best for the way you write and do business. Some areas where productivity tools commonly come into play are:
project management and scheduling tools,
social media communication/publishing tools (e.g. Twitter or Pinterest),
photo and infographics editing tools,
email marketing tools,
and, perhaps the most common, word editors, grammar checking, and publishing tools; including speech to text tools.
if you’re going to earn a living as a writer, you need to work on a regular schedule and produce a consistent amount of writing each day. To be successful as a writer, especially if you want to earn a living as a writer, you need to accumulate a body of work and to hone your skills. So, treating your writing career, like a career at any other company, will do much to ensure your success.
In a recent comment for one of my blogs, I was asked what my writing approach was and I honestly don’t think I had previously described the way I write. So here goes.
My approach is straightforward and very old school. My biggest problem is time to do the writing. My three current blogs ( I have had others) are hobbies for me. I have a day (and then some) job as a Tech consultant.
The Steps of My Writing Process
Basically, I follow this pattern when writing blog articles and books:
Capture Writing Ideas
I capture my ideas as I have them and write one or two short line as for a frame of reference.
Organize and Schedule Articles
Then, Organize my writing according to when I want to write them, with some lead time, of course.
I outline my header levels/titles
I never write without an outline, even the small stuff. Outlining has become second-nature for me.
Gather Materials and Research
I gather my article research materials and load my project cart shelf with books, printed articles, and USB stick with electric materials
Go throw the research material and bookmark any import and relevant information, which I may use.
Note: I don’t always do this step if it is something I know very well or which I have just done.
Draft Article Content
I write without editing or spell checking until I run out of information.
Add relevant research, if any is being used.
Edit Article And Proof
I edit, spell check, grammar check, and format article content
Apply SEO Optimization for Article body
Add paragraph headers/titles
Reduce or eliminate pronouns (it, they, these, them, etc..)
Add Article Graphics
Go get my pictures and graphics to flesh it out. This usually means taking them from my own photo repository, it sometimes means, taking additional pictures.
Add and Size graphics
Perform SEO optimization on graphics properties and description.
I check my base keyword lists
Add additional words appropriate to the content
Add long-tail keywords
I choose my categories; paying attention to the hierarchy, so, any parent-child relationships are not missed.
Choose Social Network Publication Channels
choose the social network site, if any, I think it should be published to.
Add Related References
Add internal and, if appropriate, external reference links to other articles
An author may invest all the time, effort and fortune for writing, editing and publishing a book, but leaves very little for the cover design forgetting that the cover is the reader’s first impression of the book. For well-known authors, their books may sell themselves since the author has over time established trust in his content on the part of most readers. But for a new writer, you need to create that first impression with your book cover. One of the best gifts to give yourself as an author is a time to find a professional cover designer who understands designs and who can get your story and the message you need to impact on your potential readers. There is a multitude of new books being published and, on the market, today, and this is why one of the most important factors which make a buyer pick a book from the bookshelf should also be considered.
Judging A Book By Its Cover
There has always been widespread of this popular idiom all over the world which reads “Don’t judge a book by its cover.” However, despite how true this might be in the realistic sense, the book industry is an ever-evolving one, and most of the readers now use the cover of a book as a deciding factor whether to buy the book.
First Impressions Matter
In the modern book industry today, first impressions matter, especially in books, where readers seem to have many options, including online ebooks. People have now resorted to the belief that “If you can’t judge a book by its cover, then someone’s not doing their job”. Currently, when people are browsing in a bookstore (either physical or online) and look at the book cover, they take some seconds to decide if it’s appealing. If so, they pick up the book, turn it over and read the back-cover copy. And if they are online (for E-book), they read the book description. But of course, you know what happens when such a book cover doesn’t appeal to them, they either drop or skip the book.
The First Sales Pitch
Therefore, with the growing number of books all over the world today, giving millions of books for readers to choose from, your first “sales pitch” is the quality and visual appeal of your book cover. Interestingly, even the marketers believe a great book cover makes the book easier to sell and that is why most publishers today try to focus more on the quality of book covers.
A Balance of Art and Marketing Knowledge
Readers believe that if authors don’t dedicate time and effort to their book cover, then there will be a doubt as to how much time they have put into the book itself. So, for a book cover to have good marketing value, it must have a balance of art and marketing knowledge. It should contain a significant central image, and there should also be balancing of colors, font, and space. It must recognize the current trends and should feel fresh and contemporary.
The marketing impact that a good book cover would have on a book’s (whether Printed or eBook) sales cannot be over-emphasized. A compelling book cover will communicate the tone and content of your book and get more readers to buy or download it. This, in turn, will improve your chances of making good sales for your book and attract more positive reviews and ratings which will send the right message to potential readers.
Over the years, I have learned more about eBook structure and components of an eBook. When it comes to the parts of an eBook, you need to do a little research on what readers expect from a standard eBook and how to attract the right people. For both fiction and non-fiction books, every chapter has its different header. Several other bells and whistles make an eBook standout. These parts include the use of multiple colors, fonts, sizes, etc.
Today, let’s take a look at the parts of an eBook. Precisely every eBook has an eBook structure, that is what elements we should add to an eBook. The order of the components of an eBook can vary a little for both fiction and non-fiction. Whenever you download an eBook, this is what you should see in the order of arrangement:
The Book Cover. The book cover art, like the front cover of a printed book, is placed at the very start of the eBook.
Title page. The title page comprises of the author(s) name.
Product Description. If your eBook is not a compilation, the product description should be on the very first page. That is the back-jacket copy. Why? It is merely because readers nowadays quickly forget about what most downloaded eBooks contain. Reminding your avid readers why they paid for the eBook on the First Page makes it easier for them to recollect. It also aids in figuring out what next to read. It is similar to picking a book from your library and reading the inner flap or back copy.
Copyright page. Although, among the vital components of an eBook contained within in the front matter, Book Lovers skip these parts of an eBook as it covers sample space.
The Blank, Ad Card, or Other Works (optional). The Other Works page shows other books written by the author, or if the book is part of a series.
Hyperlinked table of contents. This link goes directly to the significant parts of an eBook, especially the ones mentioned here, excluding the cover art.
Dedication, if any.
The Body of the Book
The eBook contents, following the eBook structure of the table of contents with hyperlinked chapters/Section headers and subheaders. The Body of your book is the meaningful content of the book to your readers and constitutes the vast majority of the pages in your book.
Acknowledgementsif any. Although, amongst the vital components of an eBook included in the front matter, Book Lovers skip these parts of an eBook as it covers sample space. When readers download a free sample of an eBook, they should get the significant eBook structure, not parts they would rather skip.
Any extras. The author afterword, or Q and A, or a small sample of the succeeding eBook in the series, etc. You should try to keep the excerpts short. Book lovers do not like the feeling of having more pages left unread, or some abrupt end with few extras left. So, avoid lengthy excerpts except you need it for the next sequel.
About the eBook or the author(s) bio.
Bibliography. If you have cited other authors, a bibliography recognizes these sources. Of course, attribute quotes are needed in the copy or with appendices. A bibliography also provides readers a list of references, if they wish to learn more about the subject.
Optional – Ads. Single page ads, with cover art of your other eBooks. Or, if you have writing partners, you can exchange ads with them.
And that is all for parts of an eBook. Some of the components of an eBook may appear obvious, but I do not see several authors placing their eBook description in front and a traditional front matter in back. Hyperlinks also aid the eBook structure, and this makes the eBooks easier to read, find pages and move around. So, as writers, it is time to step up and make good use of the latest technological advancement available today.
Table of eBook Parts by Genre Category
parts of an eBook
Table of contents
Optional – Table of contents present for few fiction eBooks
Required – Table of contents present for all non-fiction eBooks
Optional – Extra information like appendices, bibliographies, and notes
The use of Speech recognition software is fast becoming one of the finest ways to improving your Writing and Blogging Productivity. The beauty of using speech recognition software is boundless. With Speech recognition software, you can vocally express what you possibly will not be able to put in writing. Verbalizing your articles or blogs saves you time, and shields your fingers from the feared carpal tunnel syndrome. If you are a busy writer and at all times searching for techniques for improving productivity, Speech Recognition Software is one of today’s great technology tools for writing more proficiently. Below are some of the major benefits attached to the use of Speech Recognition Software in Increasing Your Writing and Blogging Productivity.
Capture Your Speaking Voice
Concentration on Words, Not on Writing Alone
Enhancing Your Enthusiasm to Write
Get Your Ideas Down Faster
Capture Your Speaking Voice
With the use of Speech Recognition Software, your writing and blogs would sound more like hearing you (the author) speak. If you have an audience that requires more closure, then the use of Speech Recognition Software would improve your style to become clearer, sharper and ultimately productive too. Most Speech Recognition Software captures the natural quality of your words, making your writings feel more like talking to your audience directly. This has strong advantages if your writing involves more blogging and other forms of social media, and especially where genuineness and an informal tone becomes highly treasured. It is much easier to ‘Capture Your Speaking Voice’ when all that is needed is opening your mouth and speak.
Concentration on Words, Not on Writing Alone
Speech Recognition Software is exceptional in putting ideas down and making a quality draft. But our priority as writers is not producing a pointless assembly of words. We all still want to produce a well-crafted piece of writing and blogging. Speech Recognition Software makes it faster and easier to achieve this, permitting you to review your draft by highlighting and swapping words with simple instructions.
Enhancing Your Enthusiasm to Write
You can probably tell, as writers, we enjoy writing. With Speech Recognition Software, you can now freely wander around your space, talking in your natural voice and watch as ideas turned into words appear on the screen almost instantly. This makes writing an optimistic pleasure and thus enhancing your enthusiasm to write every day. I can tell from experience how much struggle and procrastination can get in the way of sitting down to write. But with the use of Speech Recognition Software, I am delighted to let you know it has significantly reduced my resistance to writing. I still experience some resistance though; probably there always will be. But with the use of Speech Recognition Software these days, I enthusiastically look onward to writing every day.
Get Your Ideas Down Faster
Are you pretty fast with typing, but often times find your fingers struggling to maintain pace with your thoughts as you write. There are times, as a writer, I simply could not get the right words down quickly enough, and found myself nervously typing while trying to grasp quite a few lines in my short memory. But with Speech Recognition Software, you can write quicker and relaxed – whether it is a quick post on your blog. The act of typing might also be taking up your attention as well. With my experience in typing, making use of Speech Recognition Software felt pretty automatic and has removed any element of friction. It is common sense when you look at it critically, the act of talking is a far more natural and effective means of producing words than using your fingers.
Well, we can all agree to the saying that ‘Practice Makes Perfect,’ and one of the most excellent techniques for advancing your writing skills is to do more of it. Speech Recognition Software can aid you to generate a large number of useful ideas and text quickly. Overall, the usefulness of Speech Recognition Software far outweighs the drawbacks. It is transforming writing to a whole new level. Have You Tried any Speech Recognition Software? Either way, it is here to stay, and as writers, you can significantly increase your writing and blogging productivity with the use of a Speech Recognition Software.
All writing іѕ creative, rеgаrdlеѕѕ оf the ѕubjесt mаttеr. Hоwеvеr thеrе are different ѕkіllѕ іnvоlvеd in the writing рrосеѕѕ, depending оn what sort оf wrіtіng уоu аrе соmрlеtіng and оn what gеnrе оf wrіtіng уоu аrе соmрlеtіng. Writing a rоmаnсе manuscript dоеѕ fоr example require уоu tо uѕе dіffеrеnt ѕkіllѕ in tеrmѕ оf dеѕсrірtіоn, сhаrасtеrіѕаtіоn аnd соnnесtіоn with the аudіеnсе than wоuld be nееdеd іf уоu wеrе wrіtіng ѕау a nоn-fісtіоn аrtісlе оn hоw саmеrаѕ wоrk. Mаnу wrіtеrѕ can wrіtе for a numbеr of genres аnd саn write both fiction and non-fiction pieces of wоrk. Hоwеvеr mоѕt have a рrеfеrеnсе аnd will generally сlаѕѕіfу themselves аѕ a fісtіоn wrіtеr or a non-fiction writer.
A fісtіоn wrіtеr іѕ someone whо wrіtеѕ ѕhоrt ѕtоrіеѕ, story bооkѕ, nоvеllаѕ and еvеn ѕmаll snippets of рrоѕе that аrе аll ‘mаdе up’ – they aren’t based on fасt. Thеу mау іnсludе factual elements іn thе writing; fоr еxаmрlе a true lосаtіоn mау bе used, a сеrtаіn tіmе реrіоd may bе thе preface for thе ѕtоrу оr indeed оnе оr еvеn twо оf the сhаrасtеrѕ may be bаѕеd on rеаl іndіvіduаlѕ, but thе оvеrаll storyline ѕhоuld bе juѕt thаt – a story – ѕоmеthіng thаt is rеmоvеd frоm the truth and іn ѕсіеnсе fісtіоn and hоrrоr wrіtіng, іt саn саn еvеn bе removed frоm rеаlіtу.
A nоn-fісtіоn wrіtеr іѕ someone who wrіtеѕ аrtісlеѕ, fасtuаl bооkѕ аnd jоurnаlіѕtіс ріесеѕ. Their wrіtіng іѕ bаѕеd on fасt, nоt оn fiction. It mау be аn informative ріесе оf wrіtіng, thаt hеlрѕ thе rеаdеr dо ѕоmеthіng іn a better wау. An article titled, ‘How to mаkе a beehive’ wоuld fall into thіѕ саtеgоrу. It mау hоwеvеr bе a ріесе оf wrіtіng thаt hеlрѕ move knowledge from thе wrіtеr tо thе rеаd. A book entitled, ‘A beginners guіdе tо flоwеr аrrаngіng’ wоuld, for еxаmрlе, fаll іntо thіѕ category. Journalistic wrіtіng іѕ аlѕо classified аѕ nоn-fісtіоn. Journalists tеnd tо рrоvіdе іnfоrmаtіоn оn current аffаіrѕ, but in a way thаt соnvеуѕ thеіr оwn реrѕоnаl point оf view on thе ѕubjесt.
Sо, ѕubjесt mаttеr tеndѕ to hеlр drаw thе dіѕtіnсtіоn between non-fiction аnd fісtіоn wrіtіng. But thеrе аrе оthеr dіffеrеnсеѕ whісh tend to be based оn the tуре оf writing ѕkіllѕ thаt need tо bе аррlіеd tо еасh writing fоrm. Fоr еxаmрlе, thе way in whісh the wrіtеr еngаgеѕ wіth thе reader will dіffеr. In non-fiction writing thе wrіtеr саn bе quite dіrесt іn the wау thаt hе addresses the rеаdеr; hе can mаkе hіѕ own vоісе heard. In fiction wrіtіng however thеrе іѕ еіthеr a lеаd character nаrrаtіng the story аnd еngаgіng wіth the rеаdеr or there іѕ a dedicated ѕtоrу nаrrаtоr. In either саѕе, the wrіtеr’ѕ оwn vоісе іѕn’t used. Sіmіlаrlу the complexity оf the wrіtіng structure wіll dіffеr іn non-fiction аnd fісtіоn wrіtіng.
Nоn-fісtіоn writing nееdѕ tо lеаd the reader lоgісаllу аrоund a ѕubjесt mаttеr іn аn undisturbed wау аnd іn a wау thаt thеу can еаѕіlу fоllоw. Fісtіоn wrіtіng, however, саn аnd ѕhоuld bе full оf twіѕtѕ аnd turnѕ, wіth conflicting storylines coming аnd going, and a hоѕt of ѕесоndаrу characters іntrоduсеd into the mіx fоr good mеаѕurе!
Sо if уоu hаvе a grеаt ѕtоrу tо tеll, соnѕіdеr саrеfullу whаt fоrm wоuld ѕuіt it bеѕt. Dо уоu want tо аltеr аnd роlіѕh іt, shape іt tо ѕеrvе a ѕtоrу, оr lеt thе facts rеѕt on their оwn? Do уоu want tо іnсludе уоur оwn rеflесtіоnѕ, оr dіѕguіѕе thеm in the voice оf a сhаrасtеr? Make sure your ѕtоrу іѕ bеѕt-ѕеrvеd bу іtѕ form.
Facts About Fiction
Fісtіоn іѕ easy tо distinguish – thе storylines аrе іnvеntеd by thе аuthоr, the сhаrасtеrѕ аrе nоt real, nor hаvе thеу еvеr еxіѕtеd. Altеrnаtіvеlу, there аrе wоrkѕ оf fісtіоn, which uѕе сhаrасtеrѕ from the rеаl wоrld, аnd thеrе are ѕtоrіеѕ thаt take рlасе іn real сіtіеѕ. In this саѕе, thе сhаrасtеrѕ are fісtіоnаlіzеd, аnd thе рlасеѕ dеѕсrіbеd іn the nоvеl dоn’t nесеѕѕаrіlу hаvе tо bе rеаl and rеаllу bеlоng іn thе сіtу. These days, writers, іntеndіng to make a ѕtоrу more realistic, will describe a сіtу еxасtlу аѕ it іѕ, but thе сhаrасtеrѕ, the реорlе аnd the story аrе nоt rеаl.
Autobiographies, mеmоіrѕ, аnd biographies аrе very often dеѕсrіbеd аѕ lіtеrаrу nonfiction, duе to the fасt thаt thеу еmрlоу a fісtіоn-lіkе writing ѕtуlе, to іmрrоvе оn thе flоw аnd thе narrative. Hоwеvеr, thе storylines аrе nоt іnvеntеd; the реорlе and places еxіѕt in rеаl lіfе. Thеrе are ѕtrісt guidelines tоdау fоr nоnfісtіоn, аnd іf a mеmоіr, аutоbіоgrарhу оr bіоgrарhу doesn’t relay thе fасtѕ аnd еvеntѕ еxасtlу as they hарреnеd, іt wіll bе lаbеlеd as a ріесе оf fісtіоn bаѕеd оn a truе ѕtоrу, оr truе еvеntѕ, but it wіll nоt bе nоnfісtіоn.
Separating Fiction and Non-Fiction
Thе bеѕt wау tо separate fісtіоn frоm nonfiction іѕ tо discover whісh story sticks tо thе hаrd facts. Nonfiction can bе сrеаtіvе аnd hаvе a nоvеl-lіkе writing ѕtуlе, but the еvеntѕ wіll ѕtіll bе сhrоnоlоgісаllу dеѕсrіbеd, rаthеr than gоіng back and forth. Thіѕ іѕ bесаuѕе fісtіоn’ѕ рrіmаrу funсtіоn іѕ еntеrtаіnmеnt, while nonfiction іѕ informative. Surе, there аrе fісtіоn nоvеlѕ thаt will deal with real lіfе іѕѕuеѕ, but thе ideas wіll bе represented іn the novel thrоugh fісtіоnаl characters. Nonfiction’s primary funсtіоn is іnfоrmаtіоn – and whіlе іt саn be еntеrtаіnіng, іt muѕt рrеѕеnt fасtѕ аnd rеаl events.
Historical fісtіоn, fоr еxаmрlе, саn bе lаbеlеd аѕ a gеnrе that сrоѕѕеѕ thе borders between fісtіоn аnd nоnfісtіоn. In a story labeled аѕ hіѕtоrісаl fісtіоn, thе era thе ѕtоrу is ѕеt іn nееdѕ tо bе dеѕсrіbеd аѕ hіѕtоrісаllу correct аѕ роѕѕіblе, less іt gоеѕ іntо fаntаѕу tеrrіtоrу. Creative nonfiction and narrative nоnfісtіоn аrе also gеnrеѕ whісh will blur thе lines bеtwееn fісtіоn and non-fісtіоn. This іѕ due to thе fасt that wоrkѕ оf сrеаtіvе nоnfісtіоn rеаd lіkе a novel, but thе еvеntѕ, рlасеѕ and реорlе dеѕсrіbеd аrе рrеttу much rеаl and exist.
Whаt аrе thе criteria fоr аn еffесtіvе piece? How dіffеrеnt аrе thе twо mеdіа? Cаn a good wоrk оf non-fiction bе turnеd іntо fісtіоn, аnd vice vеrѕа? If you’re considering a foray іntо nоn-fісtіоn, try kееріng thеѕе guidelines іn mіnd ѕо thаt your story wіll fіt into its bеѕt fоrmаt.
Fісtіоn has tо mаkе more sense
You’ve hеаrd thе оld аdаgе “truth is ѕtrаngеr thаn fісtіоn.” Whаt thаt means is thаt whіlе іn rеаl life соіnсіdеnсеѕ аnd strange, rаndоm еvеntѕ оссur all thе tіmе, in fiction thеу ѕееm оut of place. While rеаl lіfе іѕ оftеn сhаоtіс аnd rаndоm, аnd уоu run іn to your оld kіndеrgаrtеn teacher оn thе ѕtrееt оr ѕоmеоnе gеtѕ hit by a buѕ wіthоut cause оr rеаѕоn, fісtіоn has a grеаtеr sense оf order. Fiction іѕ оftеn used tо mаkе sense оf the thіngѕ thаt hарреn tо uѕ. Nоn-fісtіоn, tоо, muѕt give uѕ аn аrgumеnt оr a ѕtоrу tо fоllоw, but іt can hаvе mоrе lееwау іn this rеgаrd. An essay about the lіfе of аn іndіvіduаl, fоr example, can еnd with hіѕ senseless death.
Fісtіоn nееdѕ mоrе dіrесtіоn аnd рurроѕе
As nоtеd in the previous point, fісtіоn іѕ often seeking to mаkе ѕеnѕе оf thе rаndоm оr chaotic wау life ѕееmѕ tо ореrаtе. It mау соnсludе thаt wе can’t make ѕеnѕе оf thе thing, but it wіll ѕtіll mаkе that conclusion in an оrdеrlу wау. Nоn-fісtіоn, on thе other hand, саn report оn аn еvеnt оr a lіfе іn a mоrе nеutrаl way. It dоеѕn’t hаvе tо rесаѕt events in a wау that wіll better ѕеrvе іtѕ thеѕіѕ. It mау ѕоmеtіmеѕ, but it doesn’t hаvе tо.
Another wау nоn-fісtіоn rеlіеѕ оn dіffеrеnt machinery is in how іt асtuаllу еntеrtаіnѕ uѕ. Bоth fоrmѕ саn have grеаt writing and арt оbѕеrvаtіоnѕ. Hоwеvеr, non-fiction has оur trust, аnd it саn аmаzе uѕ with thе fасtѕ. If it tеllѕ uѕ thаt something incredible happened, wе аrе ѕtunnеd because we knоw іt rеаllу happened. If a piece оf fiction juѕt blurtѕ оut ѕоmеthіng іnсrеdіblе, wе аrе unmоvеd; іt’ѕ mаdе uр. Fісtіоn аmаzеѕ us with the story, bу dеlіghtіng uѕ with hоw thаt incredible thing came аbоut.
The writing process is not complete until editing is done. Established writers like Stephen King write daily and their first drafts, like everyone’s, can be flabby, unreadable and mostly grammatically inconsistent. However, like great sculptures, bestsellers and highly rated articles are edited out of the initial drafts. We don’t often see the mess. What we see are the refined masterpieces and great articles.
What is editing?
The process of selecting and preparing written works used to convey information is known as editing. The steps often involved in the editing process include:
The organization, and;
Several other modifications performed with the aim of producing an accurate, consistent, correct and complete work.
When should you edit?
Every writer has a different circadian rhythm and creative cycle throughout the day, so do they have a different time of day which is best for writing and editing their work. However, as a general rule of thumb, it is important to get as much writing done before editing.
Techniques involved in self-edit writing
The techniques involved in editing evolve as the writer becomes a more competent writer. Many of the best-selling authors edit as they write. Beginning and freelance writers of nonfiction and fiction books, articles, short stories and blog posts, who are keen to give a great first impression when their articles or books appear online or in other forms of publications can make use of the following techniques to improve their editing skills:
Let your writing rest/cool off
An editor has to be objective. You have to be unbiased and be a strong critic of your written works. This objectiveness and a fresh perspective are achieved by letting your writing cool off for a while. In the case of novel writing, you can put the draft away for a month. This will give you sufficient time to clear your mind and be objective about your written work. However, in case of articles and other forms of short writings, you can let your writing cool off for about 2 to 3 hours.
Accumulate a checklist of your common mistakes
What are your common mistakes? Do you have a list of your common mistakes? Many mistakes come from haste in writing and inattention rather than ignorance. Others may stem from a confusion of grammatical usage. Keeping a checklist of your usual errors and help find patterns in your errors. The process and tracking and reviewing your common mistakes speeds the editing process and improves quality avoiding similar mistakes in future writings.
Verify factual information
Fact checking began in the 20th century when magazines ensured that statements of fact made in non-fictional texts were verified before publication. Verification of factual information increases the credibility of articles and other published writings. You can make use of the following websites and other authoritative sources to verify factual information made in your own writings:
Google and other Search Engines: Although you need critical eyes to be able to spot a good search result, Google and other search engines are the best places to start when checking facts online.
Snopes: There are several theories and urban legends online. Snopes is the best place to check if certain facts rumored on the internet are true and factual before putting them in a major article.
FactCheck.org: The website provides a self-acclaimed objective view of political data and information about the US politics.
WhoWhatWhen: This is a database containing vital information about famous people and important events.
Merriam-Webster: Finally, Merriam-Webster is an excellent free resource you can use to quickly check basic facts, such as medical information, the meaning of words, or overview articles.
Listen to what you write (read it to yourself or have someone read it to you)
This is one of the most essential editing skills that you can apply in your writing process. Sometimes, a written piece can be mechanically correct but lacks the fluidity needed to be understood by a reader. It is therefore good to read out aloud your articles, blog posts or ebooks before clicking that publish button.
Avoid unnecessary colloquialisms and jargon
One of the golden rules of writing is knowing your audience. Except you are writing to a very informal audience, it will help your self-edit writing and eventually your editing skills, to avoid unnecessary colloquialisms and jargon.
Use a consistent writing style guide
It is easy to have an inconsistent writing style when you are trying to write an article that is heavily researched. In fact, you can veer off in fiction works. That is why you have to check for inconsistency in your writing style when editing your nonfiction and fiction books, articles, short stories or blog posts.
Use proper but minimalist punctuation
(e.g. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), The Chicago Manual of Style, The Business Style Handbook)
Check for bad habit and problem word use for example:
‘That’, when, and ‘which’ should be used
a lot/a lot: “alot” is a common misspelling of “a lot” which means a little.
affect/effect:- “affect” is a verb while “effect” is a noun
can/may: “can” is used to signify ability while “may” indicates permission.
further/farther: These are similar and very confusing words. However, while “farther” refers to physical distances, “further” refers to non-physical distances.
good/well: “Good” is an adjective while “well” is an adverb
i.e./e.g.: (i.e. means in essence while, e.g., is from the Latin exempli gratia which means example)
into/in to: “ into” is a preposition while “in to” is part of an infinitive verb.
it’s/its: “Its” is the possessive form of it. “It’s” is short for it is or it has.
lay/lie: While “lay requires a direct object, “lie” does not require a direct object. For instance, you lie down, but you lay something down.
less/fewer- “fewer” is used for countable nouns while “less” is for uncountable nouns.
that/who- “that” refers to groups of things or animals while “who” refers to groups of people.
their/they’re/there: “Their” is for possession. “They’re” is short for they are. “There” is a place.
then/than- This is mostly a spelling mistake as “then” is used as an adverb that refers to time while “than” is for comparison.
who/whom- In a sentence, “who” is the subject while “whom” refers to the object.
your/you’re- “your” is for possession while “you’re” is short for you are.
Use grammar, word choice and plagiarism checker
Grammer checkers, such as Grammarly, can help clean up common usage problems and even help identify content taken or duplicating other written works. A word of caution, grammar checkers are not perfect and careful consideration should be given before excepting their recommendations or to trusting that the tools have identified all mistakes. You still need to read your work.
Check for gender, racial, sexual orientation, national, and other bias
You don’t want to spoil an article with a careless choice of sensitive words. Bias and stereotypes might also concern hair color, age, income, weight, life situation, or anything that judges personality characteristics based on outward appearance and other factors.
Trim, long sentences
If you have more than 25 words in a sentence, you should probably consider trimming the sentence to a sizeable length. Short sentences are easy to read.
Yes, I’m done editing!
Self-edit writing can be dull, and that is why many beginning and freelance writers of nonfiction and fiction books, articles, short stories and blog posts, often skip the editing process. However, by following the basic rules highlighted above, you will take your initial draft from a rough piece to a refined masterpiece.