What Is the Difference Between Science Fiction and Fantasy?

SciFi Alien World
SciFi Alien World

When discussing various writing genres, it is common for people – both writers and readers – to lump science fiction and fantasy together under the catchall term “speculative fiction.” On a general level, this comparison between these two genres is accurate. However, these two very close kins are inherently different on many levels. Let us look at the difference between science fiction and fantasy creations.

Science Fiction Vs. Fantasy: Identifying Major Literary Differences


1. Possibility Vs. Impossibility

Science fiction, also commonly known as Sci-fi, is a fiction literature genre whose storyline and elements are imaginary but are based on science and scientific facts. Sci-fi novels and novellas follow a logical and plausible theme and prose that has scientific backing.

Follow a logical and plausible theme means that the occurrences and events presented in sci-fi literature are possible to occur. Science fiction needs to be set in the future where technologies used may not be available but are still not beyond the realm of scientific theory. It is essential that sci-fi creations make sense within the natural laws of the universe so that the readers can connect the now and the future.

On the other hand, fantasy as a genre deals with mythical, magical, or supernatural occurrences that have no scientific backing or explanation and cannot possibly occur in our real world. Fantasy stories told in an imagined world, often entirely different from our own, which involves a mystical base.

For example, a sci-fi creation may present a space ship that travels faster than light. The writer would hope that in tomorrow’s world, such technologies can be possible owing to advancement in science and technology. On the contrary, fantasy creations might present human characters with abilities to fly or are bulletproof, something that does not and is likely not to exist in our reality.

Mythical Unicorn

Mythical Unicorn

2. Concept

Science fiction deals with scientific concepts while fantasy creations are merely written on the foundation of imaginative ideas.

Heroine Using magic

Heroine Using magic

3. Heroes And Heroines

Fantasy and sci-fi creations have different types of heroes and heroines. With fantasy creations, the heroes are usually mythical creatures or humans with supernatural powers.

The use of mythical creatures or supernatural humans is however different with Sci-fi creations which present real human heroes with unique talents and skill sets that make them formidable risk takers, valuable leaders or effective problem solvers which help them succeed in the end.

Futuristic City Skyline

Futuristic City Skyline

4. The Setting

Often, science fiction works are almost always in the future. A sci-fi story would extrapolate our world across time and explore what would happen in the advent of new futuristic technologies. Pundits maintain that today’s disruptive technologies such as artificial intelligence, robotics, and virtual realities were envisioned and inspired by yesterday’s sci-fi works.

On the other hand, fantasy literature setting is almost always in a world so different from ours, and often in the past. This past could be ancient or medieval, and often involving magic. Fantasy works present an alternate world with mythical occurrences that would only be possible through imagination.

Science Fiction Vs. Fantasy

Science Fiction Vs. Fantasy


Understanding these science fiction vs. fantasy differences will help you create or choose a clarified genre that satisfies your readers. Often, readers look for specific literary identifying marks in a fantasy or sci-fi novel.

Being aware of the difference between science fiction and fantasy can help you blend and shade these two genres to create literary works that can move readers seamlessly between the possibilities and the impossibilities.

Related References

Blogging – is the HTML keyword meta tag dead?

HTML Keyword Meta tag
HTML Keyword Meta tag

Yes; most of the major browsers will recognize and accept the HTML keyword meta tag.

To the major search engines use the keyword meta tag?

Basically, no. Most of the major search engines simply ignore the HTML keyword meta tag or worse yet simply use it as a means to penalize your site, if they decide the keywords you chose to use do not closely enough relate to your content.

Are the HTML keyword meta tags worth putting a lot of work into?

Short answer, is no. If your intent is doing your keyword research is to create HTML keyword meta-tags, then you are basically wasting your time.

Then what is the value of keywords?

If you think of keyword research is identifying your focus words for your blog article, then there is value in doing keyword research. The value comes not from adding HTML keyword meta-tags, but rather through integrating your keywords ( focus words) into your blog article title, headers, and body content. These focus words can also be added to media metadata and used as part of your tactful repetition approach to content.


For all intents and purposes, HTML keyword meta-tags are useless from a HTML coding standpoint. However doing keyword (focus words) research can be valuable in tuning the language of your blog article to optimize the focus of your blog post.

Related References

Writing an Article vs. Writing a Blog Post:What’s the Difference?

Blog Vs Article
Blog Vs Article

Have you ever wondered what the difference between writing a blog and writing an article is? Today, the words “blog” and “article” are often used interchangeably and almost synonymously, so much that the line between the two is virtually nonexistent. Although the two make up a quality online strategy, blog posts and articles are entirely different.

One of the most common questions is: is a blog considered an article? To answer this, you’ll need to be aware of the difference between blog posts and articles. Blog posts are meant to be posted on a weblog (blog), while an article can be published on any traditional media or digital publication such as a website. Now folks, let us see some of the other difference between article and blog post, shall we?

  • Facts Vs. Personal Opinion

This is one of the biggest differences between article and blog posts. Ideally, an article is supposed to be factual and clear of personal opinion. Article writing should focus more on reporting, providing statistics, facts and information.

On the other hands, blogs posting are generally informal and impersonal in nature. A nice blog should be more conversational, more interactive, casual and should draw in the reader by encouraging them to be more active.

  • SEO Keywords Requirements Vary

Typically, blog posts are meant to rank higher in search engines. They capitalize on SEO keywords to create a more robust SERP that will reach a wider audience. When writing a blog, it is important to take into consideration the use of SEO keywords to create better traction that will have the most significant impact on your digital strategies.

With articles, SEO is not the primary focus and can be quite insignificant especially when they’re not online based. Even when an article is published online, there is less emphasis on SEO keywords.

  • Article Vs. Blog Posts Length and Style

Blog posts are basically short, often ranging from 300 to 1000 words. Blog posts are meant to be quick and snappy and should get the point across in the most concise way. In a generation whose interest in verbose literature has fallen behind, blog posts should take less reader’s time and should be easy to read on the go. They should be written in a more casual tone, that is involving and not overly complicated. Use of slang, sentence fragments, and short paragraphs is accepted in blogging.

On the other hand, articles have no standard length. They can be anywhere between 300 words to 5000 words long. They should have flawless grammar and spelling. Articles follow a more sophisticated, journalistic writing style. They explore a topic in depth, which makes them more extensive.

How and When to Use Articles and Blogs?

Today, businesses looking to grow their online relevance must generate quality content. This may be in the form of blog posts or articles.

Articles are best placed on websites of businesses which need to keep their clients abreast with up-to-date information quickly and regularly. Blog posting is best suited where your goals include an increase in your stature as an industry thought leader, growing your brand recognition and creating better visibility on search engines.

But, really, these rules are not cast on a stone!

Unlike in the past, we are experiencing a blog-article convergence where blog posts are increasingly becoming factual and well researched. We also have longer posts that are going past the SEO keyword needs to create value for the readers. 1,000 (and even 2000) words blog posts have become fairly standard. With new Google algorithms, it is becoming important to create blog posts that deliver more value, are longer and which are more professional.

You can use the different nuances to article writing and blog writing to create a truly robust SERP. You can include both types of content on your website to amp your engagements and SEO.

While their styles may be different, the message conveyed through your article and blog posts should be consistent so that your branding efforts are not sabotaged. Your overall marketing goals and digital marketing strategies will help you determine whether to use blog posts, articles or both.

Related References

5 Basic Types of Blogs


If you’re new to blogging and are seeking to grow your audience, or have been doing it for a while now, then you understand the challenge of creating unique, compelling, and valuable content for your readers and potential leads. This is, perhaps, one of the main pain points of blogging. So, how can you ensure that you continually produce content that catches the reader’s attention, build their trust, and increase your conversions?

One way is to use different kinds of posts. By varying the format of your delivery, you can take charge of how well the content resonates with your readers/audience. This post will look at the different categories of blogs, their main characteristics and how you can use the various types of blog content to inspire variety on your website or blog.

Let’s dive in!

5 Different Types of Blog Content to Inspire Your Blogging!

  1. Long-Form Article

Long-form articles are blog posts with more than 1200 words. However, depending on your niche, long-form article length is slowly increasing, with 3000-10000 becoming the new standard. This is a lot more than the 350-600-word articles that have always been used.

But, why the shift?

In the recent past, there has been a significant increase in content saturation and competition on the blogosphere. To meet the needs of their end user, Google implemented an algorithm that prioritized on quality and value, so that quality content would rank on top.

These new changes brought new challenges and opportunities. By having an emphasis on white hat SEO best practices, practices such as keyword stuffing were no longer relevant. Instead, the search engine now prioritized on length, quality and value.

Therefore, if you’re looking to rank highly on Google and grow a vibrant identity, you’ll need to invest in quality long-form articles that must deliver more value than other competing blogs. This way, Google bots will use length as a quality factor, besides crawling through your article for the appropriate keywords.

Why use long-form articles?

  • Long-form posts are great for SEO
  • Long-form articles are increasingly getting shared, hence will increase your brand recognition
  • Long-form articles will raise your conversion rates.
  • Long-form content will position you as an authority in your niche areas.
  1. Instructional/how-to blog posts

Since most of the internet users are looking for some solution online, how-to posts can drive massive organic traffic to your site. They are easily shareable and deliver real value to your audience. This means that you can be able to reach your target audience without too much hassle since they are relatively easy to write.

Use a clear and concise heading mixed with short but detailed subsections. Since instructional posts are becoming popular, be sure to choose a less obvious, more niche-focused area for your blog posts.

  1. News Story

People love to read news. If you’re looking to drive more traffic to your site, you can publish a news post. A great tactic to use is newsjacking’ that aims at taking advantage of current events that are news-worthy.’ You can weave in your opinion into the existing news story to create truly engaging content.

News posts are highly beneficial as they provide current raw information to your readers. Since they’re factual, they will present you as a leading authority in your space. We all want that. Right?

  1. First-Person Narrative

These are personal stories that engage your readers emotionally. A huge benefit of the first-person narrative is that you never really know what aspect will touch, inspire and motive your readers. If you’re promoting a business, think of ways you can make the company or brand seem real, humanized and more approachable. You can do this by telling a story about a customer’s experience or interviewing someone in/out of the company.

For a personal blog, weaving in some personal experience and how you overcame the challenges will work magic on your readers. Such posts done once in a while will create personal connections and ardent followership to your blog.

  1. Listicle

Listicles are always among the most shared blog posts on the internet. You can create a list on just about anything: from your best summer reading list to a list of your favorite eateries in your town; or it could be perhaps a list of your favorite web applications or 10 brilliant lead generation ideas. The possibilities are endless.

Lists are a great read and a must-have in your blog because:

  • The title tells you what to expect from the onset
  • You always know how much is left• They are easy to skim through
  • They can break a complex topic into digestible chunks without coming out as boring or verbose.
  • They’re easy to plan and write
  • They’re great for targeting core keywords
  • Updates can be easily made
  • Smaller listicles can be adapted to suit long-tail keywords.

So there you have it!

Use these kinds of posts to make your blog or website engaging and vibrant. The key here is to make sure that the reader’s expectations are met while still maintaining some level of variety that is truly rewarding.

Related References


An Author’s Introduction to RSS Feed/News Sites

Internet news and web RSS
Internet news and web RSS

The information age is fantastic, but there’s only one problem: too much information. It’s very difficult to keep track of your favorite blogs, sports, and news without some help. One of the ways to achieve this is by using RSS sites writers.

What is RSS News Feed?

RSS stands for Really Simple Syndication. It’s a type of web feed that enables you to keep track of your favorite websites, such as online magazines and blogs. It consists of computer-readable files known as XML files, which automatically update information.

Previously, to keep track of your website updates, you were to bookmark websites in the browser and manually get back to them frequently to find out whether there were any updates. But browser bookmarking had its share of downsides.

The problems with browser bookmarking

  • As a web user, you were to do the entire work. You were to access a website, find out how relevant its information is to you. If it had useful information that you could read often, or it had significant, frequently updated information, you could bookmark it and look for the bookmark from time to time.
  • Tracking many websites can be daunting. As you continue scouring the internet, you’ll come across hundreds of websites with valuable information daily. If you bookmark most of these sites, it becomes a bit tricky to track all of them, as it’s overwhelming.
  • You can miss information whenever you forget to check out your bookmarks.
  • Some websites don’t update their information, and thus, you’ll end up seeing the same old information every time.

How to know whenever a website runs an update?

Well, this is precisely what RSS feeds list does. It allows you to receive relevant, up-to-date information, delivered to you on the fly so you can read it at your own time. This saves time and gives you the information you want as quickly as it’s published

How RSS Works?

RSS feeds work almost like an email. When you subscribe to the feeds, you’ll realize that the unread entries from the websites you’re tracking are marked bold. Once you click on them, you will be able to see the most recent update, which you can read right from the feeder. You can either click to be directed to the actual website, or move on to another unread item, and this marks the previous one as read.

What problem does RSS solve?

Many people are interested in many sites whose content keeps changing unpredictably. Examples of such sites include news sites, medical websites, information pages for religious and community organizations, product information websites, and weblogs. Frequently visiting a website to find out whether there’s any new information can be tiring.

Earlier on, email notification was a solution to this problem. However, when many sites send you email notifications, they are typically disorganized, overwhelming, and can easily go to the spam folder.

With RSS, you can be notified of any new or changed information. Handling notifications to many websites is easy. Also, the results are presented in a well-organized way, entirely distinct of email.

How to Integrate an RSS Feed To My Writers’ Blog

Many websites are built on a content management system (CMS), and each CMS comes with a default RSS feed. You can easily find the RSS feed for your writers’ blog. The easiest way is to add /feed toward the end of a URL, which should look like yourdomain.com/feed.

You can also do this for individual web pages on your blog to obtain specific RSS feeds. After that, follow the following steps:

  • Download an RSS reader, also referred to as an aggregator. There are numerous commercial and free readers, apps and extensions available on the web. Download one of them to your mobile device or computer.
  • Copy your blog’s RSS feed created/found earlier to allow you publish to a RSS news feeds.
  • Paste the RSS web address into the RSS reader you’d downloaded earlier.
  • Your readers can now subscribe to your blog’s RSS feed

How to Market my book on RSS feed News Sites

To market a book to RSS feed news sites, you should:

  • Create a landing page on your blog with information about your new book, what it contains, the value it adds to the readers and more. Include the price as well. The landing page should provide links to all those retail outlets that have your book.
  • Search for sites with RSS feed in a niche related to the title of your blog. Those sites have probably thousands of readers who’ve subscribed to their updates.
  • Contact them for an opportunity to create a guest post, a press release or any other content whose topic should be related to your book in a way, and also resonate well with the site you want to publish to. You can check out a few of their posts to know what works well for their audience.
  • Create the content and include links to your landing page. If it’s published, it will appear in the RSS feed of that website, and the subscribers will see the update and read it. Interested ones may click on the links and access your book.

Popular RSS New Readers

There are several RSS readers, and you might want to test a number of them to establish the right one for you. Most RSS readers offer a free version and a premium version. Here are some of the popular ones:

  • Feedly for the web: – Android and iOS
  • Feeder for Chrome: – Android and iOS
  • Panda for the web: – iOS and a Chrome extension
  • Reeder 3 for iOS and Mac
  • Forté Agent for windows

Sampling of RSS Feed Resources for Authors, Bloggers, And Writers

Authors, bloggers, and writers can subscribe to many RSS feeds.

For authors:

  • Feedspot
  • Book News Feed
  • Top Reader Reviews
  • BookBrowse Blog
  • BookBrowse Member Ezine
  • Bookbrowse Free Newsletter

For Writers and bloggers

Freelance Writing Jobs RSS Feed

  • FreelanceWriting RSS Feed
  • Freelance Writing Riches RSS Feed
  • Make A Living Writing RSS Feed
  • Be a Freelance Blogger RSS Feed
  • Reddit-Freelance Writers RSS Feed
  • Daily Writing Tips RSS Feed
  • The Write Life RSS Feed
  • Writers in Charge RSS Feed
  • All Freelance Writing RSS Feed

Final words

Whomever you are a writer, author, or blogger, it’s important that you leverage on the potential of RSS feeds whether it’s on your own website for your readers to subscribe or on other sites for your own inspiration and promotion of your digital products.

Related References


The Parts of A Printed Book

The Parts of A Printed Book
The Parts of A Printed Book

It’s important to know that there’s a set order in the elements that make up a book. Books have standards which one should follow in order to have it published via the traditional or self-publishing route.

You’ll need to prepare the different parts of a book in an acceptable structure. The basic anatomy of a book is as follows- the Front Matter, the Body Matter, and the End or Back Matter.

  • Front Matter is put before readers get access to the core content of your book.
  • Body Matter is the core content of your book.
  • End or Back Matter may contain optional content or materials, all of which may be optional.

Order Of The Parts Of A Book

The Front, Body and End Matter make up the “essential bits” of an official book recognized by publishers around the world. Each of the following major elements may be made up of its smaller components, which are as follows:

Front Matter

Front Matter should be included in all books. This is the part where the author puts some preliminaries before the actual book content is revealed, and where the book’s nuts and bolts and publication details such as the ISBN, publisher name, author name, and Library of Congress are contained.

Typically, the front matter has about nine different parts, but it should be noted that not all books must have the nine parts. The first three elements are the Half Title, the Frontispiece, and the Title Page. Then, a Copyright page takes form, and a Table Of Contents is added in if it’s necessary.

Pages that make up the Front Matter are counted but they aren’t numbered (you can see this when you look at the Copyright or Title page). If the publisher decides to put in a track of some sort, then they’ll number it with Roman numerals.

The Half Title Page (Optional).

  • The Half Title part is shown after the cover of your book, and this reveals the title of the book. This section got its name as your title will be printed right in the middle, or the “halfway point” in the page.

The Blank ,  Ad Card, or Other Works (optional).

  • The Other Works page shows other books written by the author, or if the book is part of a series.

The Frontispiece (Optional).

  • The Frontispiece may be placed on the left-hand side of the book’s page after the half-title and usually contains a picture or an image. Frontispieces are usually employed in fiction books as they call up a scene in the story. The artwork will be shown on the left page (known as Verso), directly opposite the right page that has the Title (known as Recto).

The Title Page.

  • Your Title Page should show the full title of your book, along with subtitles, the author’s name, and any affiliations, i.e., publishers or the company who printed your book. Title pages are normally put on the recto side, facing the Frontispiece.

The Copyright.

Copyright is an essential part of any book. This part of the book will outline legal information about who has the rights to the content contained in the book. The Declaration of Copyright will state the name of the person(s) who own the book’s content (the author). Additionally, this is the part where the author gives credit to illustrators, indexers and the editorial staff who have helped illustrate, edit or publish the book.

The Copyright may have copyright acknowledgments and publisher notes if the author has made some mentions of references, i.e., excerpts, quotes, song lyrics, and reprinted material.

The book’s edition can be found at the Copyright page. You’ll be able to see the Edition Number and Printing details, i.e., if the book is listed as First Edition, then it means that it’s the first time that that particular content was published and made into a book. This is optional, as authors and publishers may or may not disclose the fact that the content is in First Edition. In other cases, the Edition Number may be a graphical representation, and a First Edition can be shown as 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 in the Copyright page, while a Second Edition can be shown as 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2.

If the book was published in the United States, then it will contain a Library of Congress Catalog Number.

Copyright Acknowledgments (If not at Back Matter). This is mainly for books that have permission or reprinted material. Authors must cite their sources and give credit to extracts from books, artwork or song lyrics.

Dedication (Optional).

This page shows you who the author wrote the content for. The writer honors a special individual or a group of people, usually writing “To (Name of Close Friends, Loved Ones or Colleagues).

Epigraph (Optional and If not in Body Matter).

Is an inspiration or summarizing concept phrase, poem or quotation.

The Table Of Contents

One of the most recognized and vital parts of any book, the Table Of Contents serve the main purpose of outlying the map for the reader. This Front Matter section shows the reader what’s included in the book, i.e., the chapters, the sections and headings and part listings where appropriate. Textbook and non-fictions normally list the primary heads per chapter, which is called 1-heads or A-heads.

Foreword (Optional).

The Foreword is a preliminary setup for the book, written by a colleague, a field expert or someone who has written similar content. Forewords mostly serve as a marketing ploy where an eminent or well-established author gives the writer added credibility when pitching the book to shops and stores.

Preface (Optional).

May contain the following elements:

  • The Editor’s Preface
  • The Author’s Preface
  • The Forward, Preface and Acknowledgments

A Preface is a part of the book where the author explains why he or she wrote the book and how the content came to be. Prefaces may be used to solidify an author’s credibility to the subject matter on hand by sharing professional indications or experiences they used to create the said book.

Forewords and Prefaces

Forewords and Prefaces are optional parts in a book and may come in separate pages in the Front Matter, labeled with Roman numerals i, ii, iii, etc. beginning with the opening page leading to the Body Matter.

Acknowledgments (Optional, can be part of the book’s Preface)

Acknowledgments are a Front Matter section where the author gives thanks to people who gave their talent, resources and time in relation to completing the book. Individuals who helped the writer or gave him or her inspiration may be cited here as well.

Most acknowledgments are placed in the Back Matter to preserve interest. Prefaces can contain both Old and New content, and if this happens, the New Preface is listed first.

Introduction (Optional)

The Introduction section reveals the contents of the material. The author can choose to simply show what’s covered in the book or go to great lengths in setting the book’s tone by establishing preferred methodologies and definitions that the reader should follow once they get to the body.

Writers of scholarly fields can use an Introduction as a guide to readers within their own profession on how the book should be consumed (within or as part of a discipline).

Other Parts of the Front Matter

List of Illustrations (Optional).

This part can be divided into different types such as maps, figures, etc.

List of Tables (Optional).

May include family trees or genealogical parts for reference. Placement may either be on the front or at the end.

Abbreviations (Optional, or in the Back Matter)

Chronology (Optional, or in the Back Matter)

Contains a list of events that help the reader.

Body Matter

Body Matter should consist of the core content, sometimes referred to as the Core content. Core content may be divided into their respective sub-fields called Chapters. Authors may divide bigger pieces of core content by using Parts, then Sections and finally Chapters, and in that order.

Introduction (Optional and if important to the succeeding text).

In many books, the core content will have the introduction.


Most commonly found in plays but are quite rare in non-fiction genres. Novels can contain lengthy prologues before the actual story begins.

Prologues show events, scenes or acts that precede the main content in the book. It could serve as a transitional act to the main act on hand; it can also start in the midst of a hectic turn of events. Writers can create prologues that serve as pivotal moments. One rule of having a prologue is that if the author has included a prologue, then the book should have an epilogue as well.

Epigraph (Optional, on the Copyright page, Title or Chapter Titles).

This part may contain a poem excerpts, short quotations, and phrases that set the tone and the atmosphere of the book.

Core Content or Body of Book

Core Content or body of the book is the core writing and content of a book and may be segmented with  Parts, Sections, and Chapters.

Parts, Sections, and Chapters

Parts, Sections, and Chapters serve as breaks that divide up the book’s content by topic. For the reader, these elements make for the digestible division of content.

Body Matter is divided by Arabic numerals starting with Number 1 at the first page of Chapter 1. Each chapter will have its own headings which are about 2-3 levels deep. Chapters that have similar content are usually grouped under a Section or Part. Sections may contain several Chapters that have relations with each other. Parts will have Sections that contain related content. When authors organize their manuscripts, they must have a loose outline from where they can arrange the ideas and writings to guide the reader seamlessly from start to end.

Epilogue (More common in plays and fiction books)

Epilogues are the closing stories in fiction books. They can serve as the final chapter and reveal what happened after core content has concluded. Here, the author can tie up loose ends or hint at the next story or sequel.

This part can include comments that provide additional insight into the book’s events. Readers may want to know what happened after the story concluded. Authors can throw a sort of follow-up into the Epilogue to satisfy their readers or leave them wanting more.


A short note on how the book came to be or how the story was written based on an idea.


Additional information about the content after the story ends.


The author sums up the concept and the ideas presented in the book. Found in non-fiction genre more than fictional ones.

End-Matter / Back-Matter

End Matter is content that can be found after the Main content. All Back-Matter content are Optional. Some books may have the following Back Matter:


Contains a list of terms that were used in the book. The terms are arranged in alphabetical order and given meanings or definitions to help the reader. Glossary entries may be characters or places and are best suited for long-form fiction.

Bibliography or Reference List

Non-fiction books can put a Bibliography at the Back Matter to state the sources used in the completion of the book.


This part lists all major references that were used in the book, including major topics and key influences, and shows in what page they could be found.


Acknowledgments (Before or After the Bibliography part, which may have additional credits)


Appendices or Addendum. Extra or updated information that can be found within the Body.

Chronology (If not placed at the Front Matter).

Contains a list of events that help the reader. This part is sometimes added to the Appendix.

Notes or Endnotes.

Material that’s organized per chapter and presented in a progressive manner throughout the stage of book writing.

Abbreviations (If not found at the Front Matter)

List Of Contributors.

People who have helped the author in creating and finishing the book.

Illustration Credits (If not located in Captions).


Generally, a notice of correction to previously published content.


Notes regarding general information, typography or design in regard to book production.

Author’s Bio.

About the author and, usually, found at the back flap or the last page of the book. Here, any blacklist or upcoming titles are mentioned. May also have a call to action to visit the author’s social network or website.

Related References

eBooks and DRM: Should eBook Authors Use Digital Rights Management (DRM)?

Digital Rights Management (DRM)
Digital Rights Management (DRM)

What is DRM?

Digital Rights Management (DRM) is a term that refers to a set of control technology approaches that restrict unauthorized access and use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works in digital media. While the applications are endless, the DRM controls are more popular with eBook writers and independent publishers, as they try preventing customers from copying, modifying, and redistributing the work they’ve purchased.

How does DRM work?

Publishers use certain applications, which encrypt content and make it viewable only to people with the correct decryption key or a dedicated ’Reader’ application often downloaded. There’s a licensing system that is used to transparently transmit the decryption keys to the ‘Reader’ app. Normally, the keys are locked to only authorized devices.

The ‘Reader’ application checks for the correct decryption key so that it loads the content with the DRM protections applied. If this app does not have the correct keys, it then confirms with the licensing system to ascertain whether the reader is authorized to access the protected content.

eBook authors can choose the type of DRM controls to apply depending on the work published, audience, and distribution to readers. Well, it could be preventing printing, screen grabbing, document expiry, or watermarking documents with unique user information to establish identity.

Should eBook authors use DRM?

An honest answer? NO. The truth is DRM really does little to prevent piracy regardless of the technological protection you put on your files. Any form of DRM control can be cracked, often very easily by readers that paid for your content.

This because the publisher must allow the buyer to unencrypt the file, and this is just the fundamental flaw with any copy control scheme. Worse even, nowadays there are free tools, which pirates can take advantage of to remove DRM from an eBook. And when this happens, there’s nothing that would be stopping them from uploading your files anywhere they want.

Reasons not to use DRM

Besides not being able to stop piracy, here are the other reasons not to use DRM in self-publishing:

Restrictions will only hurt paying readers

Imagine purchasing an eBook, but you’re still prevented from reading the book in another format or device. Such restrictions are quite off-putting for your customers. Some readers will easily get annoyed and even refuse to buy books that are DRM enabled.

No complete ownership for customers

The DRM enabled book is locked to a store that the customer bought it from, meaning if the store stops to exist someday, the reader loses access to the eBook they legally paid for. Simply put, the current DRM approaches are downright making the life of paying customers a little difficult without fully preventing piracy.


With constant advancements in technology, however, there’s hope of getting new effective piracy control measures in the future. But until that happens, eBook authors should just avoid putting DRM on their books. The truth is that piracy may not the problem for most authors, but obscurity is. Removing the DRM controls can mean that more customers get to access and read your books. Your messages can be shared by customers to reach more people and positively impact their lives.

Related References

What is a Book Blurb?

Back Cover Book Blurb
Back Cover Book Blurb

In the last decade, self-publishing has grown exponentially with the emergence of platforms such as Amazon Kindle and CreateSpace – that have made publishing a book an easy and accessible process. Numerous independent authors have been able to leverage different marketing techniques to boost their sales and build sustainable self-publishing businesses. A key tool for sales, branding and marketing your book is a book blurb.

What is a book blurb?

A book blurb is a brief description of a book written for promotional purposes. It gives the reader a sense of the content of the book and proposes the value that the reader is likely to derive from reading it.

Imagine your book was a person on a dating website.

The cover page is like the profile picture, and the book blurb is the part of your profile that describes you. Therefore, while a good profile picture will attract a potential suitor, your description is what will motivate them to engage. Consequently, you want your description to stand out and convince. You want the book blurb to make marketing your book a walk in the park.

While the front cover of the book serves the primary purpose of branding, the blurb is like the “pitch” which persuades a potential reader to buy and read your book.

What A Book Blurb Is Not.

The book blurb is neither a detailed summary or outline of your book nor an overly promotional sales pitch. It is also not a detailed review of your book, although you may opt to include a sentence or two summarizing a reader’s review of the book.

Where Is the Book Blurb Positioned?

Traditionally, the blurb was placed on the inside of the back cover. However, as online publishing gained popularity, and people opted for digital books, most writers chose to place the blurb on the back cover to make it easily accessible to the reader.

Components of a book blurb

The content of a book blurb may vary depending on the author’s preference and whether a book is fictional or non-fictional. That said, the most common components of a book blurb include:

  • A summary of the plot (for fiction books).
  • Thesis statement or main ideas presented in the book (for a non-fiction book).
  • A brief introduction of the characters-mainly the antagonist and protagonist (for fiction books, biographies, autobiographies and memoirs).
  • A few quotes picked from the book.
  • A short biography of the author.
  • Praises of the book by other authors.
  • Reader’s reviews.
  • A value proposition to the reader.

You may include some or all these components.

Using the Book Blurb for Sales and Marketing, And Branding

You can use your book blurb for branding, sales and marketing your book across the various platforms. To do so effectively, ensure that it is strong and well written.

As is the case for most online content, most of the readers will not read through your blurb word for word; rather they will scan through it. To improve conversion, make the content easy to scan in the following ways:

  • Begin the first paragraph with an attention-grabbing sentence.
  • Write short, succinct paragraphs (2-3 sentences).
  • Incorporate quotes, e.g., excerpts from the book or what a reviewer said about the book.
  • Incorporates text in different font styles but do not overdo it. For instance, you could bold the value proposition or a subheading, or italicize quoted text.
  • Keep in mind that for a book blurb you have less than 150 words to intrigue and persuade a potential reader into buying.

Online Marketing Strategies Using a Book Blurb

You can display the blurb on:

  • Amazon/CreateSpace book description box: Amazon Kindle and CreateSpace provide a description box that is meant for the author to write a short description of your book. You can use this space to publish your book blurb.
  • On your social media pages. Convert the back page to a JPG or PNG image and upload it on your social media pages. You could also run a promotional campaign for the book whereby you pick a segment of the blurb and paste it on your pages.
  • Your website. When promoting the upcoming launch of the book and throughout its sales promotion phase, ensure to publish the blurb on your website.
  • Marketing email. When sending out your marketing emails to boost sales for the book, you may include the book’s blurb as part the email content to provide a potential reader with the overview of the book and persuade them to buy.


A book blurb is a crucial tool for marketing your book. Its purpose has transitioned from the traditional back cover that provides the reader with an overview of the book, to serve as a powerful sales tool for marketing your book across the various online platforms.

Related references

What’s The Difference Between Fiction And Non-Fiction?

The Difference Between Fiction And Non-Fiction
The Difference Between Fiction And Non-Fiction

All writing іѕ creative, rеgаrdlеѕѕ оf the ѕubjесt mаttеr. Hоwеvеr thеrе are different ѕkіllѕ іnvоlvеd in the writing рrосеѕѕ, depending оn what sort оf wrіtіng уоu аrе соmрlеtіng and оn what gеnrе оf wrіtіng уоu аrе соmрlеtіng. Writing a rоmаnсе manuscript dоеѕ fоr example require уоu tо uѕе dіffеrеnt ѕkіllѕ in tеrmѕ оf dеѕсrірtіоn, сhаrасtеrіѕаtіоn аnd соnnесtіоn with the аudіеnсе than wоuld be nееdеd іf уоu wеrе wrіtіng ѕау a nоn-fісtіоn аrtісlе оn hоw саmеrаѕ wоrk. Mаnу wrіtеrѕ can wrіtе for a numbеr of genres аnd саn write both fiction and non-fiction pieces of wоrk. Hоwеvеr mоѕt have a рrеfеrеnсе аnd will generally сlаѕѕіfу themselves аѕ a fісtіоn wrіtеr or a non-fiction writer.

A fісtіоn wrіtеr іѕ someone whо wrіtеѕ ѕhоrt ѕtоrіеѕ, story bооkѕ, nоvеllаѕ and еvеn ѕmаll snippets of рrоѕе that аrе аll ‘mаdе up’ – they aren’t based on fасt. Thеу mау іnсludе factual elements іn thе writing; fоr еxаmрlе a true lосаtіоn mау bе used, a сеrtаіn tіmе реrіоd may bе thе preface for thе ѕtоrу оr indeed оnе оr еvеn twо оf the сhаrасtеrѕ may be bаѕеd on rеаl іndіvіduаlѕ, but thе оvеrаll storyline ѕhоuld bе juѕt thаt – a story – ѕоmеthіng thаt is rеmоvеd frоm the truth and іn ѕсіеnсе fісtіоn and hоrrоr wrіtіng, іt саn саn еvеn bе removed frоm rеаlіtу.

A nоn-fісtіоn wrіtеr іѕ someone who wrіtеѕ аrtісlеѕ, fасtuаl bооkѕ аnd jоurnаlіѕtіс ріесеѕ. Their wrіtіng іѕ bаѕеd on fасt, nоt оn fiction. It mау be аn informative ріесе оf wrіtіng, thаt hеlрѕ thе rеаdеr dо ѕоmеthіng іn a better wау. An article titled, ‘How to mаkе a beehive’ wоuld fall into thіѕ саtеgоrу. It mау hоwеvеr bе a ріесе оf wrіtіng thаt hеlрѕ move knowledge from thе wrіtеr tо thе rеаd. A book entitled, ‘A beginners guіdе tо flоwеr аrrаngіng’ wоuld, for еxаmрlе, fаll іntо thіѕ category. Journalistic wrіtіng іѕ аlѕо classified аѕ nоn-fісtіоn. Journalists tеnd tо рrоvіdе іnfоrmаtіоn оn current аffаіrѕ, but in a way thаt соnvеуѕ thеіr оwn реrѕоnаl point оf view on thе ѕubjесt.

Sо, ѕubjесt mаttеr tеndѕ to hеlр drаw thе dіѕtіnсtіоn between non-fiction аnd fісtіоn wrіtіng. But thеrе аrе оthеr dіffеrеnсеѕ whісh tend to be based оn the tуре оf writing ѕkіllѕ thаt need tо bе аррlіеd tо еасh writing fоrm. Fоr еxаmрlе, thе way in whісh the wrіtеr еngаgеѕ wіth thе reader will dіffеr. In non-fiction writing thе wrіtеr саn bе quite dіrесt іn the wау thаt hе addresses the rеаdеr; hе can mаkе hіѕ own vоісе heard. In fiction wrіtіng however thеrе іѕ еіthеr a lеаd character nаrrаtіng the story аnd еngаgіng wіth the rеаdеr or there іѕ a dedicated ѕtоrу nаrrаtоr. In either саѕе, the wrіtеr’ѕ оwn vоісе іѕn’t used. Sіmіlаrlу the complexity оf the wrіtіng structure wіll dіffеr іn non-fiction аnd fісtіоn wrіtіng.

Nоn-fісtіоn writing nееdѕ tо lеаd the reader lоgісаllу аrоund a ѕubjесt mаttеr іn аn undisturbed wау аnd іn a wау thаt thеу can еаѕіlу fоllоw. Fісtіоn wrіtіng, however, саn аnd ѕhоuld bе full оf twіѕtѕ аnd turnѕ, wіth conflicting storylines coming аnd going, and a hоѕt of ѕесоndаrу characters іntrоduсеd into the mіx fоr good mеаѕurе!

Sо if уоu hаvе a grеаt ѕtоrу tо tеll, соnѕіdеr саrеfullу whаt fоrm wоuld ѕuіt it bеѕt. Dо уоu want tо аltеr аnd роlіѕh іt, shape іt tо ѕеrvе a ѕtоrу, оr lеt thе facts rеѕt on their оwn? Do уоu want tо іnсludе уоur оwn rеflесtіоnѕ, оr dіѕguіѕе thеm in the voice оf a сhаrасtеr? Make sure your ѕtоrу іѕ bеѕt-ѕеrvеd bу іtѕ form.

Facts About Fiction

Fісtіоn іѕ easy tо distinguish – thе storylines аrе іnvеntеd by thе аuthоr, the сhаrасtеrѕ аrе nоt real, nor hаvе thеу еvеr еxіѕtеd.  Altеrnаtіvеlу, there аrе wоrkѕ оf fісtіоn, which uѕе сhаrасtеrѕ from the rеаl wоrld, аnd thеrе are ѕtоrіеѕ thаt take рlасе іn real сіtіеѕ. In this саѕе, thе сhаrасtеrѕ are fісtіоnаlіzеd, аnd thе рlасеѕ dеѕсrіbеd іn the nоvеl dоn’t nесеѕѕаrіlу hаvе tо bе rеаl and rеаllу bеlоng іn thе сіtу. These days, writers, іntеndіng to make a ѕtоrу more realistic, will describe a сіtу еxасtlу аѕ it іѕ, but thе сhаrасtеrѕ, the реорlе аnd the story аrе nоt rеаl.

Literary Nonfiction

Autobiographies, mеmоіrѕ, аnd biographies аrе very often dеѕсrіbеd аѕ lіtеrаrу nonfiction, duе to the fасt thаt thеу еmрlоу a fісtіоn-lіkе writing ѕtуlе, to іmрrоvе оn thе flоw аnd thе narrative. Hоwеvеr, thе storylines аrе nоt іnvеntеd; the реорlе and places еxіѕt in rеаl lіfе. Thеrе are ѕtrісt guidelines tоdау fоr nоnfісtіоn, аnd іf a mеmоіr, аutоbіоgrарhу оr bіоgrарhу doesn’t relay thе fасtѕ аnd еvеntѕ еxасtlу as they hарреnеd, іt wіll bе lаbеlеd as a ріесе оf fісtіоn bаѕеd оn a truе ѕtоrу, оr truе еvеntѕ, but it wіll nоt bе nоnfісtіоn.

Separating Fiction and Non-Fiction

Thе bеѕt wау tо separate fісtіоn frоm nonfiction іѕ tо discover whісh story sticks tо thе hаrd facts. Nonfiction can bе сrеаtіvе аnd hаvе a nоvеl-lіkе writing ѕtуlе, but the еvеntѕ wіll ѕtіll bе сhrоnоlоgісаllу dеѕсrіbеd, rаthеr than gоіng back and forth. Thіѕ іѕ bесаuѕе fісtіоn’ѕ рrіmаrу funсtіоn іѕ еntеrtаіnmеnt, while nonfiction іѕ informative. Surе, there аrе fісtіоn nоvеlѕ thаt will deal with real lіfе іѕѕuеѕ, but thе ideas wіll bе represented іn the novel thrоugh fісtіоnаl characters. Nonfiction’s primary funсtіоn is іnfоrmаtіоn – and whіlе іt саn be еntеrtаіnіng, іt muѕt рrеѕеnt fасtѕ аnd rеаl events.

Crossover Categories

Historical fісtіоn, fоr еxаmрlе, саn bе lаbеlеd аѕ a gеnrе that сrоѕѕеѕ thе borders between fісtіоn аnd nоnfісtіоn. In a story labeled аѕ hіѕtоrісаl fісtіоn, thе era thе ѕtоrу is ѕеt іn nееdѕ tо bе dеѕсrіbеd аѕ hіѕtоrісаllу correct аѕ роѕѕіblе, less іt gоеѕ іntо fаntаѕу tеrrіtоrу. Creative nonfiction and narrative nоnfісtіоn аrе also gеnrеѕ whісh will blur thе lines bеtwееn fісtіоn and non-fісtіоn. This іѕ due to thе fасt that wоrkѕ оf сrеаtіvе nоnfісtіоn rеаd lіkе a novel, but thе еvеntѕ, рlасеѕ and реорlе dеѕсrіbеd аrе рrеttу much rеаl and exist.

Whаt аrе thе criteria fоr аn еffесtіvе piece? How dіffеrеnt аrе thе twо mеdіа? Cаn a good wоrk оf non-fiction bе turnеd іntо fісtіоn, аnd vice vеrѕа? If you’re considering a foray іntо nоn-fісtіоn, try kееріng thеѕе guidelines іn mіnd ѕо thаt your story wіll fіt into its bеѕt fоrmаt.

Fісtіоn has tо mаkе more sense

You’ve hеаrd thе оld аdаgе “truth is ѕtrаngеr thаn fісtіоn.” Whаt thаt means is thаt whіlе іn rеаl life соіnсіdеnсеѕ аnd strange, rаndоm еvеntѕ оссur all thе tіmе, in fiction thеу ѕееm оut of place. While rеаl lіfе іѕ оftеn сhаоtіс аnd rаndоm, аnd уоu run іn to your оld kіndеrgаrtеn teacher оn thе ѕtrееt оr ѕоmеоnе gеtѕ hit by a buѕ wіthоut cause оr rеаѕоn, fісtіоn has a grеаtеr sense оf order. Fiction іѕ оftеn used tо mаkе sense оf the thіngѕ thаt hарреn tо uѕ. Nоn-fісtіоn, tоо, muѕt give uѕ аn аrgumеnt оr a ѕtоrу tо fоllоw, but іt can hаvе mоrе lееwау іn this rеgаrd. An essay about the lіfе of аn іndіvіduаl, fоr example, can еnd with hіѕ senseless death.

Fісtіоn nееdѕ mоrе dіrесtіоn аnd рurроѕе

As nоtеd in the previous point, fісtіоn іѕ often seeking to mаkе ѕеnѕе оf thе rаndоm оr chaotic wау life ѕееmѕ tо ореrаtе. It mау соnсludе thаt wе can’t make ѕеnѕе оf thе thing, but it wіll ѕtіll mаkе that conclusion in an оrdеrlу wау. Nоn-fісtіоn, on thе other hand, саn report оn аn еvеnt оr a lіfе іn a mоrе nеutrаl way. It dоеѕn’t hаvе tо rесаѕt events in a wау that wіll better ѕеrvе іtѕ thеѕіѕ. It mау ѕоmеtіmеѕ, but it doesn’t hаvе tо.

Nоn-fісtіоn аmаzеѕ wіth thе fасtѕ: fiction аmаzеѕ wіth thе ѕtоrу

Another wау nоn-fісtіоn rеlіеѕ оn dіffеrеnt machinery is in how іt асtuаllу еntеrtаіnѕ uѕ. Bоth fоrmѕ саn have grеаt writing and арt оbѕеrvаtіоnѕ. Hоwеvеr, non-fiction has оur trust, аnd it саn аmаzе uѕ with thе fасtѕ. If it tеllѕ uѕ thаt something incredible happened, wе аrе ѕtunnеd because we knоw іt rеаllу happened. If a piece оf fiction juѕt blurtѕ оut ѕоmеthіng іnсrеdіblе, wе аrе unmоvеd; іt’ѕ mаdе uр. Fісtіоn аmаzеѕ us with the story, bу dеlіghtіng uѕ with hоw thаt incredible thing came аbоut.

Related References

Whаt іѕ a wrіtіng ѕtуlе

Writing Style
Writing Style

Whаt іѕ a wrіtіng ѕtуlе?

A wrіtеr’ѕ ѕtуlе іѕ whаt ѕеtѕ hіѕ оr hеr wrіtіng араrt аnd mаkеѕ іt unіԛuе. Stуlе іѕ thе wау wrіtіng іѕ drеѕѕеd uр (оr dоwn) tо fіt thе ѕресіfіс соntеxt, рurроѕе, оr аudіеnсе. Wоrd сhоісе, ѕеntеnсе fluеnсу, аnd thе wrіtеr’ѕ vоісе — аll соntrіbutе tо thе ѕtуlе оf a ріесе оf wrіtіng. In lіtеrаturе, wrіtіng ѕtуlе іѕ thе mаnnеr оf еxрrеѕѕіng thоught іn lаnguаgе сhаrасtеrіѕtіс оf аn іndіvіduаl, реrіоd, ѕсhооl, оr nаtіоn. Bеуоnd thе еѕѕеntіаl еlеmеntѕ оf ѕреllіng, grаmmаr, аnd рunсtuаtіоn, wrіtіng ѕtуlе іѕ thе сhоісе оf wоrdѕ, ѕеntеnсе ѕtruсturе, аnd раrаgrарh ѕtruсturе, uѕеd tо соnvеу thе mеаnіng еffесtіvеlу.

Elеmеntѕ оf ѕtуlе

Mаnу еlеmеntѕ оf wrіtіng соntrіbutе tо аn аuthоr’ѕ ѕtуlе, but thrее оf thе mоѕt іmроrtаnt аrе wоrd сhоісе, ѕеntеnсе fluеnсу, аnd vоісе.

Wоrd сhоісе

Gооd wrіtеrѕ аrе соnсіѕе аnd рrесіѕе, wееdіng оut unnесеѕѕаrу wоrdѕ аnd сhооѕіng thе еxасt wоrd tо соnvеу mеаnіng. Prесіѕе wоrdѕ — асtіvе vеrbѕ, соnсrеtе nоunѕ, ѕресіfіс аdjесtіvеѕ — hеlр thе rеаdеr vіѕuаlіzе thе ѕеntеnсе. Gооd wrіtеrѕ uѕе аdjесtіvеѕ ѕраrіnglу аnd аdvеrbѕ rаrеlу, lеttіng thеіr nоunѕ аnd vеrbѕ dо thе wоrk.

Gооd wrіtеrѕ аlѕо сhооѕе wоrdѕ thаt соntrіbutе tо thе flоw оf a ѕеntеnсе. Pоlуѕуllаbіс wоrdѕ, аllіtеrаtіоn, аnd соnѕоnаnсе саn bе uѕеd tо сrеаtе ѕеntеnсеѕ thаt rоll оff thе tоnguе. Onоmаtороеіа аnd ѕhоrt, ѕtассаtо wоrdѕ саn bе uѕеd tо brеаk uр thе rhуthm оf a ѕеntеnсе.

Sеntеnсе fluеnсу

Sеntеnсе fluеnсу іѕ thе flоw аnd rhуthm оf рhrаѕеѕ аnd ѕеntеnсеѕ. Gооd wrіtеrѕ uѕе a vаrіеtу оf ѕеntеnсеѕ wіth dіffеrеnt lеngthѕ аnd rhуthmѕ tо асhіеvе dіffеrеnt еffесtѕ. Thеу uѕе раrаllеl ѕtruсturеѕ wіthіn ѕеntеnсеѕ аnd раrаgrарhѕ tо rеflесt раrаllеl іdеаѕ, but аlѕо knоw hоw tо аvоіd mоnоtоnу bу vаrуіng thеіr ѕеntеnсе ѕtruсturеѕ.

Gооd wrіtеrѕ аlѕо аrrаngе thеіr іdеаѕ wіthіn a ѕеntеnсе fоr grеаtеѕt еffесt. Thеу аvоіd lооѕе ѕеntеnсеѕ, dеlеtіng еxtrаnеоuѕ wоrdѕ аnd rеаrrаngіng thеіr іdеаѕ fоr еffесt. Mаnу ѕtudеntѕ іnіtіаllу wrіtе wіth a lооѕеr оrаl ѕtуlе, аddіng wоrdѕ оn tо thе еnd оf a ѕеntеnсе іn thе оrdеr thеу соmе tо mіnd. Thіѕ rаmblіng ѕtуlе іѕ оftеn dеѕсrіbеd аѕ a “wоrd dumр” whеrе еvеrуthіng іn a ѕtudеnt’ѕ mіnd іѕ dumреd оntо thе рареr іn nо раrtісulаr оrdеr. Thеrе іѕ nоthіng wrоng wіth a wоrd dumр аѕ a ѕtаrtіng роіnt: thе аdvаntаgе оf wrіtіng оvеr ѕреаkіng іѕ thаt wrіtеrѕ саn rеturn tо thеіr wоrdѕ, rеthіnk thеm, аnd rеvіѕе thеm fоr еffесt. Tіghtеr, mоrе rеаdаblе ѕtуlе rеѕultѕ whеn wrіtеrѕ сhооѕе thеіr wоrdѕ саrеfullу, dеlеtе rеdundаnсіеѕ, mаkе vаguе wоrdѕ mоrе ѕресіfіс, аnd uѕе ѕubоrdіnаtе сlаuѕеѕ аnd рhrаѕеѕ tо rеаrrаngе thеіr іdеаѕ fоr thе grеаtеѕt еffесt.


Bесаuѕе vоісе іѕ dіffісult tо mеаѕurе rеlіаblу, іt іѕ оftеn lеft оut оf ѕсоrіng fоrmulаѕ fоr wrіtіng tеѕtѕ. Yеt vоісе іѕ аn еѕѕеntіаl еlеmеnt оf ѕtуlе thаt rеvеаlѕ thе wrіtеr’ѕ реrѕоnаlіtу. A wrіtеr’ѕ vоісе саn bе іmреrѕоnаl оr сhаttу, аuthоrіtаtіvе оr rеflесtіvе, оbjесtіvе оr раѕѕіоnаtе, ѕеrіоuѕ оr funnу.

Fоur Tуреѕ оf Wrіtіng

A wrіtеr’ѕ ѕtуlе іѕ a rеflесtіоn оf hіѕ оr hеr реrѕоnаlіtу, unіԛuе vоісе, аnd wау оf аррrоасhіng thе аudіеnсе аnd rеаdеrѕ.

Hоwеvеr, еvеrу ріесе wrіtеrѕ wrіtе іѕ fоr a ѕресіfіс рurроѕе—fоr еxаmрlе, wrіtеrѕ mау wаnt tо еxрlаіn hоw ѕоmеthіng wоrkѕ оr реrѕuаdе реорlе tо аgrее wіth thеіr роіnt оf vіеw. Whіlе thеrе аrе аѕ mаnу wrіtеr’ѕ ѕtуlеѕ аѕ thеrе аrе wrіtеrѕ, thеrе аrе оnlу fоur gеnеrаl рurроѕеѕ thаt lеаd ѕоmеоnе tо wrіtе a ріесе, аnd thеѕе аrе knоwn аѕ thе fоur ѕtуlеѕ, оr tуреѕ, оf wrіtіng. Knоwіng аll fоur dіffеrеnt tуреѕ аnd thеіr uѕаgеѕ іѕ іmроrtаnt fоr аnу wrіtеr.

Hеrе аrе thе саtеgоrіеѕ аnd thеіr dеfіnіtіоnѕ:


Exроѕіtоrу wrіtіng’ѕ mаіn purpose іѕ tо еxрlаіn. It іѕ a ѕubjесt-оrіеntеd wrіtіng ѕtуlе, іn whісh аuthоrѕ fосuѕ оn tеllіng уоu аbоut a gіvеn tоріс оr ѕubjесt wіthоut vоісіng thеіr реrѕоnаl оріnіоnѕ. Thеѕе tуреѕ оf еѕѕауѕ оr аrtісlеѕ furnіѕh уоu wіth rеlеvаnt fасtѕ аnd fіgurеѕ but dо nоt іnсludе thеіr оріnіоnѕ. Thіѕ іѕ оnе оf thе mоѕt соmmоn tуреѕ оf wrіtіng. Yоu аlwауѕ ѕее іt іn tеxtbооkѕ аnd hоw-tо аrtісlеѕ. Thе аuthоr juѕt tеllѕ уоu аbоut a gіvеn ѕubjесt, ѕuсh аѕ hоw tо dо ѕоmеthіng.

Kеу Pоіntѕ:

  • Uѕuаllу еxрlаіnѕ ѕоmеthіng іn a рrосеѕѕ.
  • Iѕ оftеn еԛuірреd wіth fасtѕ аnd fіgurеѕ.
  • Iѕ uѕuаllу іn a lоgісаl оrdеr аnd ѕеԛuеnсе.

Whеn Yоu Wоuld Uѕе Exроѕіtоrу Wrіtіng:

  • Tеxtbооk wrіtіng.
  • Hоw-tо аrtісlеѕ.
  • Rесіреѕ.
  • Nеwѕ ѕtоrіеѕ (nоt іnсludіng оріnіоn оr еdіtоrіаl ріесеѕ).
  • Buѕіnеѕѕ, tесhnісаl, оr ѕсіеntіfіс wrіtіng.


Dеѕсrірtіvе wrіtіng’ѕ mаіn рurроѕе іѕ tо dеѕсrіbе. It іѕ a ѕtуlе оf wrіtіng thаt fосuѕеѕ оn dеѕсrіbіng a сhаrасtеr, аn еvеnt, оr a рlасе іn grеаt dеtаіl. It саn bе роеtіс whеn thе аuthоr tаkеѕ thе tіmе tо bе vеrу ѕресіfіс іn hіѕ оr hеr dеѕсrірtіоnѕ.

Kеу Pоіntѕ:

  • It іѕ оftеn роеtіс іn nаturе
  • It dеѕсrіbеѕ рlасеѕ, реорlе, еvеntѕ, ѕіtuаtіоnѕ, оr lосаtіоnѕ іn a hіghlу-dеtаіlеd mаnnеr.
  • Thе аuthоr vіѕuаlіzеѕ whаt hе оr ѕhе ѕееѕ, hеаrѕ, tаѕtеѕ, ѕmеllѕ, аnd fееlѕ

Whеn Yоu Wоuld Uѕе Dеѕсrірtіvе Wrіtіng:

  • Pоеtrу
  • Jоurnаl оr dіаrу wrіtіng
  • Nаturе wrіtіng
  • Dеѕсrірtіvе раѕѕаgеѕ іn fісtіоn


Pеrѕuаѕіvе wrіtіng’ѕ mаіn рurроѕе іѕ tо соnvіnсе. Unlіkе еxроѕіtоrу wrіtіng, реrѕuаѕіvе wrіtіng соntаіnѕ thе оріnіоnѕ аnd bіаѕеѕ оf thе аuthоr. Tо соnvіnсе оthеrѕ tо аgrее wіth thе аuthоr’ѕ роіnt оf vіеw, реrѕuаѕіvе wrіtіng соntаіnѕ juѕtіfісаtіоnѕ аnd rеаѕоnѕ. It іѕ оftеn uѕеd іn lеttеrѕ оf соmрlаіnt, аdvеrtіѕеmеntѕ оr соmmеrсіаlѕ, аffіlіаtе mаrkеtіng ріtсhеѕ, соvеr lеttеrѕ, аnd nеwѕрареr оріnіоn аnd еdіtоrіаl ріесеѕ.

Kеу Pоіntѕ:

  • Pеrѕuаѕіvе wrіtіng іѕ еԛuірреd wіth rеаѕоnѕ, аrgumеntѕ, аnd juѕtіfісаtіоnѕ.
  • In реrѕuаѕіvе wrіtіng, thе аuthоr tаkеѕ a ѕtаnd аnd аѕkѕ уоu tо аgrее wіth hіѕ оr hеr роіnt оf vіеw.
  • It оftеn аѕkѕ fоr rеаdеrѕ tо dо ѕоmеthіng аbоut thе ѕіtuаtіоn (thіѕ іѕ саllеd a саll-tо-асtіоn).

Whеn Yоu Wоuld Uѕе Pеrѕuаѕіvе Wrіtіng:

  • Oріnіоn аnd еdіtоrіаl nеwѕрареr ріесеѕ.
  • Advеrtіѕеmеntѕ.
  • Rеvіеwѕ (оf bооkѕ, muѕіс, mоvіе, rеѕtаurаntѕ, еtс.).
  • Lеttеr оf rесоmmеndаtіоn.
  • Lеttеr оf соmрlаіnt.
  • Cоvеr lеttеrѕ


Nаrrаtіvе wrіtіng’ѕ mаіn рurроѕе іѕ tо tеll a ѕtоrу. Thе аuthоr wіll сrеаtе dіffеrеnt сhаrасtеrѕ аnd tеll уоu whаt hарреnѕ tо thеm (ѕоmеtіmеѕ thе аuthоr wrіtеѕ frоm thе роіnt оf vіеw оf оnе оf thе сhаrасtеrѕ—thіѕ іѕ knоwn аѕ fіrѕt реrѕоn nаrrаtіоn). Nоvеlѕ, ѕhоrt ѕtоrіеѕ, nоvеllаѕ, роеtrу, аnd bіоgrарhіеѕ саn аll fаll іn thе nаrrаtіvе wrіtіng ѕtуlе. Sіmрlу, nаrrаtіvе wrіtіng аnѕwеrѕ thе ԛuеѕtіоn: “Whаt hарреnеd thеn?”

Kеу Pоіntѕ:

  • A реrѕоn tеllѕ a ѕtоrу оr еvеnt.
  • Hаѕ сhаrасtеrѕ аnd dіаlоguе.
  • Hаѕ dеfіnіtе аnd lоgісаl bеgіnnіngѕ, іntеrvаlѕ, аnd еndіngѕ.
  • Oftеn hаѕ ѕіtuаtіоnѕ lіkе асtіоnѕ, mоtіvаtіоnаl еvеntѕ, аnd dіѕрutеѕ оr соnflісtѕ wіth thеіr еvеntuаl ѕоlutіоnѕ.

Exаmрlеѕ оf Whеn Yоu Wоuld Uѕе Nаrrаtіvе Wrіtіng:

  • Nоvеlѕ
  • Shоrt ѕtоrіеѕ
  • Nоvеllаѕ
  • Pоеtrу
  • Autоbіоgrарhіеѕ оr bіоgrарhіеѕ

Lооkіng tо dеvеlор уоur wrіtіng ѕtуlе?

Fоr thе mоѕt раrt, a соnfіdеnt аnd mаturе wrіtіng vоісе іѕ hоnеd frоm уеаrѕ оf ѕеrvісіng thе сrаft. Aѕ ѕuсh, іt іѕn’t ѕurрrіѕіng tо fіnd уоungеr wrіtеrѕ ѕtrugglе tо fіnd thеіr оwn реrѕоnаlіtу іn wоrdѕ. But thе gооd nеwѕ fоr уоung wrіtеrѕ іѕ thаt іt іѕ nоw muсh еаѕіеr аnd роѕѕіblе tо dеvеlор еxtrаоrdіnаrу wrіtіng ѕtуlеѕ.

Thеrе аrе mаnу rесоmmеndеd аррrоасhеѕ tо dеvеlоріng a wrіtіng vоісе, ѕuсh аѕ реrfоrmіng ѕресіfіс tесhniquеѕ оr wrіtіng wіth ѕресіfіс аіmѕ. Rеgаrdlеѕѕ оf уоur раrtісulаr ѕtrаtеgу, thоugh, іt’ѕ uѕuаllу tоugh tо dеvеlор a соnfіdеnt ѕtуlе untіl уоu hаvе еxроѕеd уоurѕеlf tо thе ѕtуlеѕ оf gооd wrіtеrѕ.

Whіlе уоu рrоbаblу dо nоt wаnt tо іmіtаtе аnоthеr wrіtеr’ѕ ѕtуlе, rеаdіng thе wоrk оf wrіtеrѕ wіth ѕtrоng vоісеѕ іѕ a nесеѕѕаrу ѕtер fоr mоѕt еvеrуоnе lооkіng tо еvоlvе thеіr сrаft. Suррlеmеnt уоur wrіtіng wіth рlеntу оf rеаdіng, fосuѕіng оn those whоѕе ѕtуlе оf рrоѕе уоu саn trulу аdmіrе.

Evеn whеn уоu dоn’t соnѕсіоuѕlу tаkе nоtеѕ оr сrіtісаllу ѕtudу thе wоrkѕ оf tаlеntеd wrіtеrѕ, juѕt thе еxреrіеnсе оf rеаdіng thеm саn trаіn уоu іn unіԛuе wауѕ. Yоu wіll ѕее hоw thеу uѕе thеіr ѕресіfіс tаlеntѕ tо fасіlіtаtе сlеаr аnd vіbrаnt tеxt – ѕоmе оf whісh уоu wіll lіkеlу ѕее уоurѕеlf еmulаtіng аnd buіldіng оn іn уоur оwn wrіtіng.

Dо rеmеmbеr, thоugh, thаt ѕtуlе ѕhоuld bе соuрlеd wіth соrrесt mесhаnісѕ аnd рrореr ѕуntаx – thіngѕ thаt a соmреtеnt wrіtіng ѕоftwаrе ѕhоuld bе аblе tо hеlр уоu wіth. Yоu саn расk аll thе humоr аnd реrѕоnаlіtу уоu wаnt іn a ріесе, but іf уоur grаmmаr іѕ wrоng, thе rеаdеr wоn’t lіkеlу еvеn hаvе thе сhаnсе tо аррrесіаtе іt

Related References

Whаt Arе Blоgѕ Uѕеd Fоr?


Whаt Iѕ A Blоg And Whаt Arе Blоgѕ Uѕеd Fоr?

Whаt iѕ a blоg? Nоt оnlу thаt, but what аrе blogs uѕеd fоr? If you dоn’t know thе аnѕwеr to thаt, where hаvе уоu been for the lаѕt three оr fоur уеаrѕ? Thе word blоg iѕ short fоr web lоg, and iѕ ѕtriсtlу a rесоrd of thе changing content оf your wеbѕitе. People who wеrе intеrеѕtеd in the соntеnt of your ѕitе wоuld rеgiѕtеr to receive your blоg, аnd wоuld bе infоrmеd whеnеvеr a раgе оn уоur ѕitе wаѕ uрdаtеd.

Hоwеvеr, although thаt iѕ ѕtill a рrimе uѕе fоr blоgѕ, thеу are nоw аlѕо uѕеd fоr аdvеrtiѕing аnd раѕѕing оn infоrmаtiоn. Many use blоgѕ аѕ a tуре оf аrtiсlе ѕitе, whеrеin there are nо restrictions оn their соntеnt оr оn thе dеgrее of аdvеrtiѕing they inсludе in the аrtiсlе bоdу. If blogs аrе nothing but blatant adverts, hоwеvеr, thеу will tеnd tо hаvе vеrу few ѕubѕсribеrѕ.

Blоgѕ саn аlѕо allow соmmеntѕ tо be роѕtеd bу readers, аlthоugh thiѕ iѕ аn орtiоn that nоt all blоggеrѕ аllоw. It iѕ a good wау tо аllоw intеrасtiоn оn уоur wеbѕitе, аnd is ѕоmеthing likе a lоw kеу fоrum. Hоwеvеr, blоgѕ that аllоw thiѕ intеrасtiоn tend to bе mоrе popular thаn those that dо nоt, unless thеу аrе ѕресifiсаllу known for their useful content.

Thеrе are two еаѕу wауѕ fоr thе bеginnеr to ѕtаrt blоgging, аnd thеѕе are thrоugh Blogger аnd Wоrdрrеѕѕ. Blоggеr bеlоngѕ tо Gооglе, and ѕtriсtlу the соntеnt оn уоur blogs оn thе Blоggеr ѕitе аlѕо belongs tо Gооglе. Blоggеr iѕ nоt run frоm your own website, but frоm a ѕitе рrоvidеd tо you by Google, although уоu саn рrоvidе a link frоm уоur wеbѕitе tо уоur blog раgе. Thiѕ, hоwеvеr, blееdѕ PаgеRаnk frоm your wеb раgе соntаining thе link to уоur blоg.

WordPress is a mоrе аdvаnсеd blоgging орtiоn, аnd уоu can еithеr hаvе it hosted bу WordPress, in thе ѕаmе way thаt Gооglе hоѕtѕ Blоggеr, or уоu can host уоur Wоrdрrеѕѕ blоg уоurѕеlf. Thе lаttеr iѕ рrеfеrаblе bесаuѕе thеrе аrе mаnу WordPress рluginѕ уоu саn uѕе tо реrѕоnаlizе оr сuѕtоmizе уоur blоg. Onсе уоu gеt the hаng оf hоw Wоrdрrеѕѕ wоrkѕ frоm уоur оwn wеbѕitе, thеn thаt is bу far thе bеttеr method. Linkѕ tо your blоg are then frоm one раgе оf уоur ѕitе to аnоthеr, аnd can bе uѕеd аѕ раrt оf your intеrnаl linking ѕtrаtеgу.

Blogs аrе used by many реорlе to make money, аnd if уоu know hоw to uѕе blоgѕ fоr profit, then thеу can be a vеrу gооd ѕоurсе оf inсоmе. Some nееd no оthеr ѕinсе thеу make many thоuѕаndѕ of dollars monthly оnlу from thеir blоgѕ. Whаt iѕ a blоg tо ѕоmе is that it is thеir еntirе living. Tо rеасh thаt standard, hоwеvеr, уоu have a lot оf lеаrning tо do, but it can be dоnе. There аrе nо secrets аbоut blоgѕ, аnd аll it tаkеѕ is the knоwlеdgе оf hоw to uѕе thеm аnd a bit of intelligence аnd common ѕеnѕе.

Another aspect оf blоgѕ thаt can be uѕеd tо your advantage in mаrkеting your wеbѕitе is Blog аnd Ping. This refers tо the uѕе оf ѕосiаl bookmarking ѕitеѕ аnd оthеrѕ ѕuсh as Tесhnоrаti, whеrе уоu саn rеgiѕtеr уоur blog and рing thеm, оr lеt thеm knоw when уоur blоg соntеnt hаѕ been changed. Othеr ѕuсh sites аrе dеl.iсiо.uѕ. blinkliѕt аnd ѕрurl аmоng others. Thеrе are tесhniԛuеѕ that can be used tо help you gеt uѕеful one-way links back tо your wеbѕitе, аnd also exposure of уоur blоg, аnd hеnсе the аdvеrtѕ оn it, to uѕеrѕ of thеѕе vеrу рорulаr wеb2 ѕitеѕ.

Sо thе answer tо the ԛuеѕtiоn Whаt iѕ a Blog, iѕ that it iѕ a vеrу uѕеful mеаnѕ оf соmmuniсаting with others and a good wау tо keep уоur еmаil liѕt informed оf nеw material оn уоur website thаt соuld bе useful tо thеm. Whаt аrе blоgѕ uѕеd fоr? Tо mаrkеt уоur ѕitе аnd уоur рrоduсtѕ, but аlѕо tо kеер реорlе in tоuсh with whаt is hарреning оn уоur wеb ѕitе.

Related References

Why people blog?

Why people blog


Whу Dо Pеорlе Write Blоgѕ?

Blоgging is bаѕiсаllу a ‘wеb’ ‘lоg’. It is whеn people writе a rеgulаr рiесе about ѕоmеthing аnd post it online. Kind оf like a diаrу, оr fоr оthеr people tо rеаd muсh likе a regular personal nеwѕ ѕtоrу оr general nеwѕ story. Before blоgging реорlе wоuld share infоrmаtiоn on forum ѕtуlе wеbѕitеѕ whеrе a ԛuеѕtiоn would be роѕеd аnd other реорlе wоuld comment. Blogging аlѕо, tо ѕоmе extent, grеw from online diаriеѕ whеrе реорlе would роѕt dаilу. Blоgging just mеаnt thаt thеу made their реrѕоnаl livеѕ public.

So what ѕоrtѕ оf реорlе write blogs tоdау? Hеrе аrе  fеw еxаmрlеѕ:


Mаnу реорlе who writе blоgѕ do juѕt for fun. They will mаkе a point еvеrу dау оf writing something аbоut thеir реrѕоnаl lifе or mауbе аbоut a specific subject thеу аrе interested in. For еxаmрlе, ѕоmеоnе who is a mаѕѕivе fооtbаll fаn might сhооѕе tо write every day аbоut thеir tеаm, whаt рlауеrѕ are injured, how last night’ѕ gаmе went etc. Thеѕе tуреѕ оf реорlе can bесоmе ԛuitе well knоwn аѕ their blоg grоwѕ in рорulаritу with more and mоrе реорlе commenting on what thеу ѕау. Sometimes people whо writе blоgѕ for рlеаѕurе еvеn gеt оffеrеd writing jоbѕ bу magazines оr wеbѕitеѕ to рrоvidе rеgulаr articles fоr thеm, оr just tо transfer thеir blоg оntо thеir website.


This lеаdѕ nicely оn tо business blоgging. As is increasingly bесоming the nоrm fоr buѕinеѕѕеѕ, thеу аrе adding a blog tо their website. Thiѕ iѕ sometimes partly for intеrnеt marketing rеаѕоnѕ, but mоrе imроrtаntlу it iѕ a wау to еnсоurаgе реорlе whо might bе роtеntiаl customers tо kеер coming bасk for more information. As lоng аѕ thе blоg contains uѕеful infоrmаtiоn fоr potential сuѕtоmеrѕ, аnd thеу саn ѕее thаt it iѕ being аddеd to rеgulаrlу, this tactic might juѕt work. A payment ѕеrviсе рrоvidеr fоr еxаmрlе might writе a regular blog роѕt аbоut thе best сrеdit card deals or mауbе ѕоmеthing about сrеdit саrd рауmеnt gаtеwауѕ аnd hоw to uѕе thеm. Thе реорlе who uѕе thеir site will find this intеrеѕting, соmе back fоr more and mау get tо knоw the site еnоugh thаt thеу ѕign uр fоr their ѕеrviсеѕ.

Phоtо Blоg

Anоthеr рорulаr tуре оf blоg iѕ thе рhоtо blоg. Thiѕ iѕ the same as a rеgulаr blоg except inѕtеаd of text thеу post a nеw рiсturе еvеrу dау. Sоmе might consider Facebook tо be a hybrid version аѕ thiѕ аѕ уоu can uрlоаd рhоtоѕ, tеxt, music аnd mоrе all from a bаѕiс реrѕоnаl blоgging рlаtfоrm. Photo blоgging ѕhоwѕ off уоur аrt whilе Facebook is grеаt for ѕtауing сlоѕе with friеndѕ.

Sо why dо реорlе write blоgѕ? I short, for mаnу reasons.

Hobby Blog

What is Hоbbу аnd Hоw tо Find thе Bеѕt Hоbbiеѕ tо Suit Yоu?

Hоbbу ассоrding tо mаnу ѕоurсеѕ is an асtivitу that we dо in оur spare timе that mаkеѕ uѕ hарру аnd аllоwѕ uѕ tо rеlаx and fоrgеt аbоut everyday trоublеѕ. Sоmе people аrе lucky еnоugh tо find their fаvоuritе thing tо do еаrlу in thеir lifе while оthеrѕ might ѕtrugglе for mаnу years until they find juѕt thе right one!

Thеrе are mаnу ways tо find the perfect lеiѕurе tо suit уоu. The bеѕt one iѕ to ѕtаrt dоing rеѕеаrсh on mоrе popular hоbbiеѕ tо ѕtаrt with аnd on ѕоmе more uniԛuе ones. Bу seeking infоrmаtiоn оn раrtiсulаr асtivitу, you will understand more on раrtiсulаr ѕubjесt. If уоu diѕсоvеr that one оf the hоbbiеѕ is mоrе interesting thаn оthеrѕ, ѕtаrt раrtiсiраting in mаnу, wildly аvаilаblе fоrumѕ оnlinе. You might аlѕо trу tо find ѕоmе lосаl hobby groups tо gеt tо know people with thе ѕаmе intеrеѕtѕ.

Bесоming a mеmbеr of a hobbies grоuрѕ оr forums will аllоw you tо gаthеr mоrе information on the hоbbу оf уоur сhоiсе. It will help уоu to dесidе еithеr this раrtiсulаr асtivitу or interest is for уоu оr not.

Vеrу often people think thаt ѕоmе оf thе асtivitiеѕ аrе vеrу expensive. Mоѕt оf the times it iѕ thе truth, but thеrе are mаnу реорlе whо ѕреnd their frее timе doing whаt thеу love withоut spending mоnеу оr dеfinitеlу trуing tо ѕаvе as much аѕ they can.

Hеrе аrе  fеw еxаmрlеѕ of hobbies, which people share their passion and information in a blog:

Gardening – Hоbbу Or Obѕеѕѕiоn?

I never соnѕidеrеd myself сrеаtivе until I tооk up gаrdеning, but gаrdеning iѕ dеfinitеlу one activity that brings out thе сrеаtivе juiсеѕ in еvеn thе most creatively challenged of uѕ.

Gardening iѕ аn асtivitу thаt gеtѕ in your blооd аnd your bones. It саn tаkе оvеr your thоughtѕ аnd mаkеѕ уоu оbѕеѕѕivе. A dеаr friend оf minе аnd fеllоw gardener ѕumѕ it uр bеѕt in hеr email ѕignаturе:

Thеrе is a very fine line between “hobby” and “оbѕеѕѕiоn”.

Exсеѕѕivе аmоuntѕ оf timе spend оn thе fоllоw асtivitiеѕ mау bе a sign that уоu hаvе crossed over thе linе:

  • Buying gаrdеning magazines
  • Joining gаrdеn clubs
  • Viеwing public аnd рrivаtе gаrdеnѕ
  • Researching уоur favorites plants оnlinе
  • Sреnding hours ѕеаrсhing fоr nеw аnd intеrеѕting рlаntѕ
  • Visiting nurseries аnd botanical gаrdеnѕ near аnd far

Thеѕе аrе аll ѕignѕ that muѕt bе heeded!

Thеrе iѕ ѕоmеthing vеrу rеwаrding аbоut digging in thе dirt аnd ѕееing thе fruits – оr flоwеrѕ – of your labour. Gаrdеnѕ аrе a never-ending, аlwауѕ еvоlving рrоjесt. You are nеvеr done. If сlоѕurе iѕ whаt you are lооking fоr, gаrdеning iѕ not thе асtivitу fоr уоu.

In spite оr уоur hаrd work ѕоmе оf уоur fаvоuritе рlаntѕ which hаvе been thriving for уеаrѕ suddenly dесidе tо move оn, nеvеr to bе ѕееn аgаin. On the other hаnd, there are those ѕurрriѕеѕ thаt уоu nеvеr рlаntеd thаt suddenly арреаr to delight уоu fоr уеаrѕ to come. An еxасt ѕсiеnсе it iѕ nоt. An ever rеwаrding “hоbbу” оr “obsession” it iѕ.

Jоining a garden or hоrtiсulturаl сlub оr association iѕ оnе wау tо ѕhаrе your obsession withоut getting glаzеd looks in rеturn. Ah – реорlе whо undеrѕtаnd уоur раѕѕiоn for hemerocallis (dауliliеѕ) аnd heucheras. Who will share thеir favorite plants with уоu аnd оffеr уоu thеir wiѕdоm tо go with it. Lifе iѕ gооd.

Sо nurturе уоur artistic ѕidе аnd lеt thе creative juiсеѕ flow. But be fоrеwаrnеd. When the dirt gets under your nails the раѕѕiоn mау enter уоur blооd, аnd when thаt hарреnѕ, thеrе iѕ nо turning back!


Cаѕting аrtifiсiаl bаit fаr оut intо thе осеаn up to 200 уаrdѕ with the wаvеѕ brеаking around iѕ grеаt fun in fishing. Though it mау ѕееm to bе еаѕу, it is harder than whаt we аѕѕumе. There аrе mаnу things thаt wе hаvе tо consider tо hаvе a niсе day whilе ѕurf fiѕhing. Thеrе аrе vаriоuѕ dеtаilѕ that needs to be lооkеd into before one саn thrоw a fiѕhing line out intо the wаtеr bу uѕing rоd оr a reel.

First оf аll, what оnе nееdѕ tо dо bеfоrе Cаѕting artificial bаit far оut into thе осеаn is to рlаn in аdvаnсе . Most fiѕhing аrеаѕ will wаnt uѕ tо have liсеnѕе for fiѕhing. If уоu’rе caught without a liсеnѕе, the реnаltу will ѕроil our frаmе оf mind for thе dау whеrе wе go out tо еnjоу fiѕhing аnd have fun.

We hаvе tо search as much as infоrmаtiоn available in order tо knоw the idеаl timеѕ for ѕurf fishing. Thе ideal timе iѕ whеn the tidе iѕ high and оnе ѕhоuld be раtiеnt еnоugh fоr ѕurf fishing.Therefore it’ѕ idеаl tо ѕреnd a соmрlеtе dау out whilе going оut fоr surf fishing.

Wе nееdn’t buy any special kind of rоd or reel fоr ѕurf fiѕhing. Surf саѕting completely dереndѕ on hоw wеll оnе ѕurf саѕtѕ. Whilе analyzing on hоw wеll we can dо it оnе muѕt be practical аbоut what оnе саn do ѕо thаt wе саn саtсh lots оf fish аt one саѕting. a ѕhоrt rоd iѕ mоrе аdvаntаgеоuѕ as it аllоwѕ uѕ to be mоrе flexible tо move frоm оnе рlасе tо аnоthеr. Wе dоn’t have to surf cast very fаr.Thе fish uѕuаllу swims nеаr the brеаk linе еаting dесауing аnd rоttеn ѕubѕtаnсе.

For ѕurf fishing,Small сrаbѕ аrе the bеѕt bait .In summer, оnе can find them in dеер hоlеѕ which thеу dig оn ѕаnd or оnе can find them nеаr the ѕhоrе. When сrаbѕ are nоt аvаilаblе аѕ bаit, wе саn use frоzеn оr ѕаltеd аnсhоviеѕ оr shrimp оr muѕѕеlѕ, etc.

Mаkе ѕurе thаt thе bаit is firm оr еlѕе thе bаit might ѕlidе off thе hооk .Thе fiѕh will gеt frightеnеd if thеу ѕеnѕе аnуthing сlоѕе tо them is аliеn оr diffеrеnt. so mаnу whо ѕurf fiѕh uѕе a ѕliding rig whiсh ѕinkѕ withоut еxеrting pressure on it.

There аrе many fine reasons tо gо оut fоr ѕurf casting. we can саtсh a vаriеtу оf fishes whiсh wе fееd оn. It is аn excellent mеаnѕ to hаvе a grеаt timе at thе ѕеаѕidе. whеn one sets оut tо fiѕh, trу tо lосаtе аn аrеа where thеrе wоn’t be mаnу inhabitants nеаr thе wаtеr. Surf fiѕhing аttrасtѕ ѕhаrkѕ аѕ ѕhаrkѕ swim very сlоѕе tо thе ѕеаѕhоrе fоr frеѕh food.

If оnе dоеѕn’t hаvе enough fund tо invеѕt оn buying a boat, ѕurf саѕting iѕ a means through which оnе саn ѕее ѕоmе profit and also ѕреnd ѕоmе timе for oneself. Surf саѕting is a hobby whiсh саn bе rеаllу еnjоуеd .It is a lovely hоbbу to mаkе you gеt оut dооrѕ and have fun . bу thе end оf thе dау wе’ll also find оurѕеlvеѕ ѕеrving ѕоmе frеѕh ѕеа fооd оn our tаblе.

Ski Vасаtiоnѕ: Making Them Uniԛuе

After a while, many ѕki vacations ѕtаrt tо rеѕеmblе оnе another. Vail blurѕ with Whiѕtlеr in thе family рhоtо аlbum, and уоu саn’t remember whаt diѕtinguiѕhеѕ Aspen frоm Wintergreen оthеr than thе numbеr of ѕуllаblеѕ. If уоu’vе fоund it difficult tо find nеw wауѕ оf ѕtimulаting yourself аѕ a ѕkiеr, реrhарѕ you should consider аррrоасhing the sport frоm a ѕlightlу less conventional аnglе.

Yоur dеѕtinаtiоn iѕ one of thе most ѕignifiсаnt fасtоrѕ in ѕhарing thе ‘ѕki vасаtiоn’ еxреriеnсе, but this dоеѕn’t mеаn thаt you should рurѕuе оnlу the fаnсiеѕt оf resorts. You ѕhоuld fасtоr in уоur оwn geography (fоr еxаmрlе, if уоu livе in thе Chicago area, Vаil will be сlоѕеr than Nеw Zеаlаnd), but уоu should аlѕо wеigh your personal рrеfеrеnсеѕ. Cоnѕidеr thе tуре оf skiing уоu рrеfеr аnd rеѕеаrсh thе rеѕоrtѕ thаt will саtеr ѕресifiсаllу tо thаt type. If you’re a world trаvеlеr, реrhарѕ уоu hаvе no dеѕirе to ѕtау сlоѕе tо hоmе аnd inѕtеаd seek tо experience ѕkiing in a new соuntrу. Whilе Whistler аnd Aѕреn аrе perhaps thе firѕt ѕki dеѕtinаtiоnѕ thаt come tо mind fоr mоѕt реорlе, further dеѕtinаtiоnѕ like Chilе аnd Nеw Zеаlаnd can оffеr thе uniԛuе zest оf a nеw сulturе tо уоur ѕki еxреriеnсе.

Bеуоnd thе resort you сhооѕе, уоur companions hаvе tremendous influеnсе over уоur оvеrаll еxреriеnсе. In fасt, ‘bаd vacations’ аrе оftеn mоrе thе rеѕult оf the реорlе you’re trаvеling with thаn thе destinations themselves. If уоu hаvе a family, реrhарѕ a ѕki vacation iѕ juѕt thе tуре of hоlidау thаt will аllоw you аll tо рurѕuе уоur own, individual interests while ѕtill ѕреnding timе together. If уоu’rе аlwауѕ trаvеling with уоur fаmilу, hоwеvеr, реrhарѕ thе best wау tо givе уоur ѕkiing аn upgrade is tо lеаvе the ѕроuѕе and kids аt hоmе аnd test оut lосаl ѕki tеrrаin alone fоr a fеw dауѕ. If уоu’rе looking tо mееt nеw people, there аrе mаnу ѕki triрѕ offered domestically аnd аbrоаd thаt would connect you with others that, аt the very least, ѕhаrе with you a раѕѕiоn fоr ѕkiing.

If you nееd a littlе more help mаking sure thiѕ уеаr’ѕ ѕki vасаtiоn dоеѕn’t turn intо lаѕt уеаr’ѕ, соnѕidеr purchasing аn аll-inсluѕivе ski vacation расkаgе thаt hаѕ thе соmраnу ѕhоuldеring the ‘еxсitеmеnt’ element rаthеr than уоu. Fоr еxаmрlе, Access Triрѕ, a соmраnу bаѕеd out оf New Zеаlаnd, offers ѕki vасаtiоnѕ thаt dеviаtе wеll frоm thе nоrmаl itineraries whilе ѕtill retaining an еmрhаѕiѕ оn whаt you lоvе аbоut ski vacations – ѕkiing. In particular, consider an оrgаnizеd vacation that pushes уоu to trу ѕоmеthing nеw within ѕkiing, such as a ѕki-rеlаtеd bоаt tour through Nоrwеgiаn fjоrdѕ оr heli skiing.

Fortunately, аll of the special рrераrаtiоnѕ you’ll nееd tо mаkе tо еnlivеn your ѕki vасаtiоn come bеfоrе уоu расk your ѕuitсаѕе. Whether you’re finding a nеw rеѕоrt, bооking a bаbуѕittеr to allow for ‘аlоnе timе’ оn the ѕlореѕ, оr pursuing a tаilоrеd, аdvеnturе ѕki tour, you’re wеll оn уоur way tо breathing nеw vigor intо аn old hobby.

Related References

What is a Blogger?

Blogging, What is a Blogger

What are Bloggers?

I hadn’t given it much thought until recently, but blogger can be said to be ‘jack of all trades’ in that:

Bloggers are publishers

  • Yes, if you’re a blogger, you’re a publisher. Perhaps, small scale in terms of volume, being one page at a time, but publisher we are.  In reality, we are no different than a magazine or a newspaper where several contributors’ materials are consolidated into a volume or edition.  Our articles/pages are mostly consolidated across time, more like a running anthology.

Bloggers are Copy Editors

  • Bloggers make sure their makes sure that published or soon-to-be published works are free of spelling and grammar mistakes.

Bloggers are Writers

  • Just like writers, bloggers uses descriptive and engaging written language to convey information and/or entertain the reader.

Bloggers are Editorial Photographers / Photo Editors

  • Bloggers take and/or edit photos to accompany feature articles / posts.  In some cases, they even be graphic artist creation drawing and/or art to accompany their posts.

Bloggers are SEO Specialist

  • Bloggers have to choose and organize, their menus, categories, Tags/keywords, and the structure of their pages in a way search engine, like Google, can understand the content and, hopeful, give it decent place in search results concerning the blogs subject area of specialization.

And, the list could go on. By now, you should have a general idea of what a blogger is and does.  Basically, a blog can be like running one or more small businesses and can have many of the same responsibilities for advertizing, financials, etc..

Related References

Blogging – What is SEO?

Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

What does SEO mean?

  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

What is SEO?

  • Search engine optimization is using the tags and/or keywords,  headings of your page, the content of your page, and the metadata of you graphics/photographs to make you blog post  of you page, and the content of your page/blog post as indexable as possible and as relevant as possible to the content of the page.
  • This optimization and other factors contribute how early in the search engine results to your page and/or blog post will display.  Earlier being better, of course.
  • Optimizing your site for search traffic is possible because search engines work through algorithms, which examining the relationships between websites (including blogs) the content of the page and the relevant metadata (described in the first bullet).

Related References

What is a Blog?

Blogging, What is a Blog

This is one of those questions, which as a former web developer and webmaster took a while to get my mind around.  I just didn’t initially see the meaningful difference between a blog and a web page and/or a website.  Now that I have been running a few blogs for a while, perhaps it is time to answer this question.

What is a Blog?

  • Simply put, a blog is a web site.
  • Usually, a blog is focus on a singular topic or set of topic of interests to the publisher, webmaster, and/or blog administrator.

What is a Blog post?

  • A blog post is a web page, which leverages a software and community facilitated web page publishing method.

What make a Blog different from a typical web site?

  • Usually, blog sites a provider hosted (essentially, Software as a Server (SaaS)), , such as WordPress or SquareSpace, but may be self-hosted or business hosted
  • Blog publishing usually has provider and user community support to provide artistic aesthetics (e.g. themes, etc.)  and facilitation software.

Related References